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Patent Application 1 of Common Automatic Transport System (CATS) Patent Application 1 of Common Automatic Transport System (CATS)  
* This page is made by "machine translation" program from Japanese to English.
This document is a downloaded copy (August, 2002) of the Jananese patent publication No. 2000-357194 "Common Automatic Transport System" (Inventor: Masayuki Sonobe) from Japan Patent Office (JPO) site in Japanese menu:
"Patent Office > Industrial Property Digital Library > Patent and Utility Model > Retrieval of Patent and Utility Model from Document Number (menu in Japanese)".
The issued contents here is identical to the original document in JPO, even if there are mistakes in meanings or notation.
For readability, style properties of characters is partially modified in font, color, newline.
Scale of images is also modified.

(19) [Country of Issue] Japanese Patent Office (JP)

(12) [Official Gazette Type] Open patent official gazette (A)
(11) [Publication No.] JP,2000-357194,A (P2000-357194A)
(43) [Date of Publication] December 26, Heisei 12 (2000. 12.26)
(54) [Title of the Invention] Common Automatic Transport System

(51) [The 7th edition of International Patent Classification]
G06F 17/60 G05D 1/02 G07D 9/00 416

[FL]
G06F 15/21 C G05D 1/02 P G07D 9/00 416 Z

[Request for Examination] Un-asking.
[The number of claims]
[Mode of Application] OL
[Number of Pages] 30
(21) [Filing Number] Japanese Patent Application No.Heisei 11-169388
(22) [Filing Date] June 16, Heisei 11 (1999. 6.16)
(71) [Applicant]
[Identification Number] 000005223
[A name and name] Fujitsu, Inc.
[The address and address] 4-1-1, Kami-Kodanaka, Nakahara-ku, Kawasaki City, Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan

(72) [Inventor(s)]
[Name] Masayuki Sonobe
[The address and address] 4-1-1, Kami-Kodanaka, Nakahara-ku, Kawasaki City, Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan
Inside of Fujitsu, Inc. (at the time of application <--- commented by Sonobe Laboratory)

(74) [Attorney]
[Identification Number] 100074099
[Patent Attorney]
[A name and name] Yoshiyuki Osuga (and one person)
[Theme Code (for information)]
3E040 5B049 5H301
[F Term (for information)]
3E040 AA01 AA10 BA17 FG02 FG03 FG04 FG07 FG11 FL06 5B049 AA03 AA06 BB31 CC03 CC21 CC36 DD02 DD05 EE01 EE31 FF01 FF07 GG02 GG04 5H301 AA02 AA09 BB05 CC03 CC06 CC10 DD01 DD07 DD11 EE02 EE12 EE15 GG12 GG14 JJ01 KK02 KK03 QQ01


(57) [Abstract]

[Subject]
The issue is to construct an automatically transporting system
to transport objects or "capsules or casters" on which objects are loaded,
from the starting point to the destination point,
along the tranport way, which is layouted in network shape,
under the ground, by earth's surface, above the ground, under water, above the water, or in the air/space.



The most important figure

[Means for Solution]
Operation Control Station of the system is equipped with,
means 1 to receive the transport command signal inputted from the user side,
means 2 to receive the transport completion signal inputted when the transportation finished,
and
processing unit 3, which is connected to means 1 and means 2,
to output the tranport control signal to contol the actions of the transport way and "the capsule or the caster",
and optionally to input and output said signals with the other Operation Control Stations in the system.



[Patent claim ]

[Claim 1] It is a control station in public automatic carrier system conveyed to the destination which had a candidate for conveyance specified along a conveyance way laid in the shape of a network.
A mailing cost is also spread corresponding to conveyance for [ this ] conveyance. Price for conveyance is also spread. A commission is also spread. A processor which publishes a notice which 徴求 a tax is provided.
A control station in public automatic carrier system characterized by things.

[Claim 2] It is a control station in public automatic carrier system conveyed to the destination which had a candidate for conveyance specified along a conveyance way laid in the shape of a network.
Control information for said conveyance is also spread on other control stations which control a conveyance way of other shape of same network connected with said network-like conveyance way. It comes out of fee information. It carries out and a processor which performs conveyance over a plurality of networks is provided.
A control station in public automatic carrier system characterized by things.

[Claim 3] It is a control station in public automatic carrier system conveyed to the destination which had a candidate for conveyance specified along a conveyance way laid in the shape of a network.
It is ON from a user at a transmission-channel course. The conveyance directions signal ON which receives the conveyance directions signal carried out It is at the completion time of conveyance, and is ON from a terminal. The completion signal ON of conveyance which receives the completion signal of conveyance carried out A means and this conveyance directions signal ON A means and the completion signal ON of conveyance It connects with a means and a conveyance control signal is come out to a truck carried said conveyance way and a candidate for conveyance.
A control station in public automatic carrier system characterized by things.

[Claim 4] said control station is further equipped with a conveyance data-storage means to memorize one or more attributes and conveyance transaction information which contains the conveyance destination at least for [ said ] conveyance, and said notice and said control information also spread based on information said processor is remembered to be by this conveyance data-storage means fee information -- moreover -- said conveyance control signal -- coming out -- It carries out.
claims 1 and 2 characterized by things -- again -- A control station in public automatic carrier system given in three.

[Claim 5] the CATS address as the address which identifies uniquely a point said conveyance on the street for directing the destination for [ said ] conveyance -- ON When carried out, said processor also spreads said notice and said control information based on this address. fee information -- moreover -- said conveyance control signal -- coming out -- It carries out.
claims 1 and 2 characterized by things -- again -- A control station in public automatic carrier system given in three.

[Claim 6] A user for said control station to direct said destination also spreads. Information which can identify a destination point uniquely is ON. When are carried out, and this information is changed into said CATS address, it gives said processor and this conversion goes wrong It has further an address-conversion means with a function which displays an error message on a user as an error.
A control station in public automatic carrier system according to claim 5 characterized by things.

[Claim 7] When said CATS address is given from a user side of public automatic carrier system, while said address-conversion means gives this CATS address to a processor, said user also spreads this CATS address. When it changes into information which can identify a destination point uniquely, it displays on a user and this conversion goes wrong It has further a function which displays an error message on a user.
A control station in public automatic carrier system according to claim 6 characterized by things.

[Claim 8] said control station also spreads a specific number a sign -- moreover -- A continuous number which carried out a specific list is also spread. A break is also spread on a sign, respectively. the CATS address as which a meaning of specific control was defined -- Again A shortening number is also spread. Identification information which should be changed into the CATS address is received from a user side of public automatic carrier system. the received CATS address -- moreover -- A shortening number is also spread. identification information -- a solution It carries out. this solution a result -- responding -- said address-conversion means -- receiving -- CATS address ON Completion and ON The close is also spread. or it directs correction -- moreover -- A shortening number is also spread. An address solution with a function to tell that it is the information which should be changed into the CATS address It has a means further.
a claim 6 characterized by things -- again -- A control station in public automatic carrier system given in seven.

[Claim 9] Said control station is said CATS address.
It is く, when the CATS address which is using [ be / continuously / it / under / space / which this CATS address can take / use ] a part of space discretely is received from a user side of public automatic carrier system, a part of this receptacle 取った CATS address has mistaken it and a part is missing. When an excessive portion is added, it has further an address display means with a function which displays an error message on a user.
A control station in public automatic carrier system according to claim 5 characterized by things.

[Claim 10] a signal with which it is the system by which said public automatic carrier system also makes man applicable to conveyance as said candidate for conveyance, and said processor directs self transportation from a human being as a user of this public carrier system -- receiving -- a this human being sake -- classification of acceleration, speed, and the passage section -- moreover -- Said notice and said control information are also spread in consideration of time. fee information -- moreover -- a conveyance control signal -- coming out -- It carries out.
claims 1 and 2 characterized by things -- again -- A control station in public automatic carrier system given in three.

[Claim 11] destination change and a stop also spread in a human being to whom a truck into which a human being as said candidate for conveyance is embarked got into [ this truck ] It has a directions means for giving directions of a restart, and said notice and said control information also spread in said processor according to directions from this directions means. fee information -- moreover -- a conveyance control signal -- coming out -- It carries out.
A control station in public automatic carrier system according to claim 10 characterized by things.

[Claim 12] said truck also spreads In the container which accommodates said candidate for conveyance, a display also spreads the information for conveyance. It has the tag build in, and this tag reads to said conveyance on the street, it equips with a tag reading means send the contents of this tag at said processor, and said notice and said control information also spread according to the contents of the tag in which this processor was read by this tag reading means. fee information -- moreover -- a conveyance control signal -- coming out -- It carries out
claims 1 and 2 characterized by things -- again -- A control station in public automatic carrier system given in three.

[Claim 13] Self-propelled ability in which said conveyance way carried said candidate for conveyance A container which is not is conveyed according to a physical mechanism.
claims 1 and 2 characterized by things -- again -- A control station in public automatic carrier system given in three.

[Claim 14] It is the system conveyed to the destination which had a candidate for conveyance specified by truck along a conveyance way laid in the shape of a network.
In public automatic carrier system which has a control station which controls conveyance in this system, it has a container which can open and close in the removal state from said truck for receipts and payments for [ said ] conveyance, and is attached in a truck in the state of closing and which can be removed.
Public automatic carrier system characterized by things.

[Claim 15] within said public automatic carrier system, a depature point for [ said ] conveyance and a point of arrival are also spread a truck which arrived at a terminal with which a relay point and a point which can become are equipped -- receiving -- said container which can be removed -- automatic -- attaching -- moreover -- It has container attachment / removal means to remove.
Public automatic carrier system according to claim 14 characterized by things.

[Claim 16] Connect with said public automatic carrier system, and it has further a container pool where said container which can be removed is stored. It responds to directions from a user of this public automatic carrier system. for conveyance to a terminal by the side of this user of the container itself which can be removed of said control station a container corresponding to a demand of this user which can be removed -- a container group in this container pool -- moreover -- It is found out of a container group already attached in a truck, and conveyance to a user terminal of this 見つけられた this container is controlled.
Public automatic carrier system according to claim 14 characterized by things.

[Claim 17] In order to identify a point uniquely within a system, it is the record medium used in a control station of public automatic carrier system which uses the CATS address.
A step which reads a value of a plurality of subfields divided by delimiter within said CATS address,
A record medium which stored a program which makes a computer perform a step which performs specific processing corresponding to this control code when a control code as a specific symbol string appears in this CATS address and which can be computer read.

[Claim 18] It is the record medium used by control station in public automatic carrier system.
From a user to ON A step which receives a conveyance directions signal carried out,
A conveyance way in said public automatic carrier system, and a step which controls a truck,
A step which receives the completion signal of conveyance from a terminal,
A mailing cost is also spread. Price for conveyance is also spread. A commission is also spread. A step which publishes a notice which 徴求 a tax,
Are and it is. A step which controls other conveyance ways of the shape of same network further is performed to a computer. A record medium which stored a せる program and which can be computer read.



[Detailed Description of the Invention]

[0001]

[The technical field to which invention belongs] this invention the distribution system which performs automatically transportation and fee settlement of accounts of goods -- starting -- further -- detailed -- for example, it is among underground, the ground, and cold water -- it is -- the conveyance mechanism laid in the air -- controlling automatically -- goods -- moreover -- It is related with the public automatic carrier system which conveys candidates for conveyance, such as a substance, automatically from a depature point to a destination point.

[0002]

[Description of the Prior Art] They are a country and the sea about various goods, such as the agricultural production article from ancient times, a processed marine product, clothing, miscellaneous goods, materials, and an industrial product. It carries over a river, a lake, etc. It is indispensable in order to raise a life, and it is development of the information network of mass communications in recent years, the Internet, and others. Increase of a goods conveyance demand of an individual and a company is accelerated.

[0003] The help who starts conveyance of goods on the other hand, costs, and energy increase, the heat and chemical substance which vehicles, A / C, etc. for conveyance generate have a bad influence on earth environment, and the natural destruction by traffic congestion, the traffic accident, and the road etc. poses a serious problem.

[0004] With recent years It sets to transportation business and the order contents of goods are ON to a computer. If carried out, the system by which the computer directs shipment of goods to man is used.
An information network is used to this computer at the point where it was decided in the middle of man being conveyance of goods, and it is ON about the conveyance situation of goods. It is a computer, when it is recognized where goods exist now by carrying out, therefore a shipper asks the current position of the load which he shipped. That location can be answered and trace management of a load is attained.

[0005] Moreover, it sets to transportation business and is plurality. By turning around the け point in the shortest path, the trial which saves time and a fuel is also performed and performing calculation of an optimal path by the computer as a delivery plan problem is also performed.

[0006] Furthermore, recently At the store of imagination in an information network, goods are introduced to a consumer using a picture etc., probability also of the technology of the virtual shopping mall which takes an order electronically and does business is being carried out, and neither money nor a bill is used, but the system using the cybermoney [ payment / with an electronic method / cybermoney / price ] is also being put in practical use.

[0007]

[Problem(s) to be Solved by the Invention] the above antique backgrounds -- taking an example -- underground, surface of the earth, the ground, underwater, and Minakami -- again -- The conveyance way laid by the space in the shape of a network is met. The goods as a candidate for conveyance are also spread. A substance is also spread. Money is also spread. A bill is also spread. An information record medium is also spread. [ a living thing ] Again Goods are also spread. Money is also spread. A bill is also spread. An information record medium is also spread. The container which contained the living thing is also spread. [ a truck ] automatic from a depature point to a destination point -- conveying -- being certain -- it is -- further -- goods price -- moreover -- A mailing cost is also spread. A change commission is also spread. Construction of the public automatic carrier system which settles a tax automatically is desired.

[0008] the design for a system similar to such public automatic carrier system -- moreover -- It considers as the reference which described the part as a dream, and there are following reference 1 - reference 9.

Reference 1 The Ministry of Construction City Bureau editorial supervision: Allowance society, and the production of a town planning path, a completion publishing company (1992).

[0009] Reference 2 City environmental-problem study group (others [ Masayuki / the Kashima 茂 and / Kuroda ]): The new distribution system "Logistics LAN" design in an underground freight distribution system area, Gihodo Shuppan Co., Ltd. (1995).

[0010] Reference 3 Collection delivery system study group of the goods in an area: Report in the Heisei 7 fiscal year (1996).

Reference 4 Nagasawa Toshio: It is transportation engineering, Vol.30, and No.5 (1995) about the new system for the terminal physical distribution improvement in a city.

[0011] Reference 5 Nagasawa Toshio, Nagase Blessing Ichiro, Katsumata Settled: Development of the collection delivery system of the goods in an area, a city and traffic, and No.38 (1996).

Reference 6 The Road Bureau, the Ministry of Construction, the Public Works Research Institute, the Ministry of Construction, a national-land-development technical-research center, a road new-industry development mechanism: A new distribution system and pamphlet reference 7 The volume for Ministry of Posts and Telecommunications Institute for Posts and Telecommunications Policy: A logistics revolution, Mita Press (1994).

[0012] Reference 8 Ogata Kenji, Kuribayashi Seiya: It is a っかん bookstore (1994) to super-multimedia society.

Reference 9 Sakamura 健: Time 3 of a computer Cyber- future theory The century of TRON", Kadokawa Shoten Publishing (1989).

[0013] By however, such [ the concrete principle or concrete method for building the above public automatic carrier system ] reference There was a problem of not being clarified.

[0014] This invention It aims at offering the concrete principle for building the above public automatic carrier system, and a method in view of an above-mentioned problem.



[0015]

[Means for Solving the Problem] Fig. 1 It is the principle composition block diagram of this invention.



Fig. 1 Principle composition block diagram of this invention


this figure underground, surface of the earth, the ground, underwater, and Minakami -- again -- A conveyance way laid by space in the shape of a network is met. Goods as a candidate for conveyance are also spread. A substance is also spread. Money is also spread. A bill is also spread. An information record medium is also spread. [ a living thing ] Again Goods are also spread. A substance is also spread. Money is also spread. A bill is also spread. An information record medium is also spread. A container which contained a living thing is also spread. [ a truck ] From a depature point to a destination point, it automatic-conveys and is. Goods price is also spread further. A mailing cost is also spread. A change commission is also spread. It is the block diagram showing composition of the control station 5 in public automatic carrier system which settles a tax automatically.

[0016]
Fig. 1 alike -- setting -- conveyance directions signal ON ON from a user [ of a means 1 and public automatic carrier system ], for example, dispatch person of goods, side what receives a conveyance directions signal carried out -- it is -- the completion signal ON of conveyance Means 2 for example, the completion time of conveyance of goods -- it is -- ON from an exterior, for example, receiver of goods, side The completion signal of conveyance carried out is received.

[0017] a processor 3 and conveyance directions signal ON A means 1 and the completion signal ON of conveyance It connects with a means 2 and a conveyance way and a container also spread. a conveyance control signal for controlling operation of a truck -- coming out -- while carrying out -- a conveyance directions signal and the completion signal of conveyance -- if -- く a conveyance control signal -- between other control stations 4 inside public automatic carrier system -- ON -- coming out -- It carries out.

[0018] In a practicing form of this invention Control station 5 It can also have a conveyance data-storage means further.
Conveyance data-storage means The one or more attributes of goods for conveyance and one or more attributes about conveyance transaction which contains the conveyance destination at least are memorized.
And it comes out of the above-mentioned conveyance control signal based on information memorized by a processor 3 and conveyance data-storage means. It will carry out.

[0019] Moreover, it sets in a practicing form of this invention. The unique address (Common Automatic Transport System Address), for example, the CATS address, for specifying the destination for example, for conveyance within the above-mentioned conveyance directions signal ON When carried out, a processor 3 comes out of a conveyance control signal based on the CATS address. It can also carry out.

[0020] In such a case, control station 5 For example, it can also have an address-conversion means further.
This address-conversion means For example, when information, such as the telephone number and a postal code number, is given as destination information for conveyance instead of the CATS address from a user, that destination information is changed into the CATS address, it gives a processor 3 and that conversion goes wrong As an error, an error message can also be displayed on a user.

[0021] moreover, this case -- conveyance directions signal a computing system from a user side, the Internet, a telephone network, and a telegraph network -- if -- く a computer network -- minding -- ON It can also be carried out.

[0022] Furthermore, the above-mentioned address-conversion means When the CATS address as the destination was given inside a conveyance directions signal from a user, while giving the address to a processor 3, when the address is changed into information, such as the telephone number and a postal code number, it displays on a user and the conversion goes wrong An error message can also be displayed on a user.

[0023] In a form of a practicing of this invention Control station 5 Address solution It can also have a means further.
this address solution Means a specific number and a sign -- moreover -- A number which a specific list follows is also spread. the CATS address as which a meaning of specific control was defined corresponding to a sign -- conveyance directions signal ON It receives from a means. the address -- solution carrying out -- an address-conversion means -- receiving -- ON of the CATS address Completion and ON closing -- if -- く or it directs correction -- moreover -- A shortening number is also spread. It tells that it is the information which should be changed into the CATS address.

[0024] Furthermore, it sets in a form of a practicing of this invention. Control station 5 It can also have an address check means further.
This address check means It is the address which does not use continuously the inside of a space which the address can take as the CATS address.
It is conveyance directions signal ON about the address for which only a partial space is used. It receives from a means 1 and is ON. It is く, when a part of address carried out is mistaken and a part is missing. When an excessive portion is added, an error message is displayed on a user.

[0025] In a practicing form of this invention For example, it can also have a container which can be removed from a truck which conveys goods.
This container It can open and close in the removal state from a truck for receipts and payments of goods for conveyance, and is attached in a truck in the state of closing.

[0026] case where such a container that can be removed is used A depature point as a candidate for conveyance (for example, goods) and a point of arrival are also spread within public automatic carrier system. a truck which arrived at a terminal with which a relay point and a point which can become are equipped automatically by control of a control station 5 in the terminal -- receiving -- the above-mentioned container which can be removed -- automatic -- attaching -- moreover -- It can also have container attachment / removal means to remove.

[0027] moreover, a container with which in such a case it has further a container pool where the above-mentioned container which can be removed is pooled in public automatic carrier system, and a control station 5 agrees at a demand of a user according to directions from a user and which can be removed -- a container in the container pool -- moreover -- It can be found from a container already attached in a truck, and control for conveying the container to a user side terminal can also be performed.

[0028] Next, it sets in a practicing form of this invention. Public automatic carrier system is a system which also conveys man as a candidate for conveyance.
A control station 5 receives a signal which directs self transportation from the human being, and can perform conveyance control which took into consideration classification of acceleration, speed, and the passage section, and time for the human being.

[0029] In such a case, a truck for conveying man can be equipped with a directions means for receiving directions of destination change given by human being who got into [ a truck ], a stop, and a restart, and a control station 5 can also perform man's conveyance control according to directions from the directions means.

[0030] In a practicing form of this invention A truck in public automatic carrier system is also spread. A control station 5 can also perform conveyance control according to the contents of the tag read by the tag reading means by equipping a container with a tag in which the destination for conveyance is shown, and reading the contents of the tag to a conveyance on the street, and having a tag reading means to send the contents to a control station 5.

[0031] In a practicing form of this invention Self-propelled ability in which the above-mentioned conveyance way accommodates a candidate for conveyance A roller, a belt, a cable, a board, a hook, an arm, a chain, a gear, a shooter, a propulsive engine, air pressure, 気体圧, a hyd, and oil pressure also spread a container which is not. It conveys to the destination according to a physical mechanism.
A control station 5 also spreads the roller, a belt, a cable, a board, a hook, an arm, a chain, a gear, a shooter, a propulsive engine, air pressure, 気体圧, a hyd, and oil pressure. Conveyance control for conveyance can also be performed by controlling a physical mechanism.

[0032] In a form of a practicing of this invention It is ON to a control station 5. Record media, such as a floppy disk, can also be used for reading of the above-mentioned CATS address carried out.

[0033] This record medium It is what is used in a control station of public automatic carrier system for which the CATS address for identifying arbitrary points uniquely is used within a system. A function to make a value of a plurality of subfields which divide within the CATS address and are divided by signal read, When a control code as a sign which carried out a specific list into the CATS address appears, a program which makes a computer perform a function to make specific processing corresponding to the control code perform is stored.

[0034] a form of a practicing of this invention -- setting -- for example, a control station -- a conveyance directions signal -- ON corresponding -- a conveyance path -- calculating -- an orbital switching unit and a truck -- a conveyance directions signal -- transmitting -- being certain -- it is -- further -- a control station -- ON of the completion signal of conveyance It receives, and in order to make a computer perform a function to start a fee settlement-of-accounts part, record media, such as a floppy disk, can be used.

[0035] According to this invention, a concrete principle for building public automatic carrier system which conveys a candidate for conveyance automatically from a depature point to a destination point along a conveyance way laid in the shape of a network, and a method are offered as mentioned above.



[0036]

[Embodiment of the Invention] About the target directions of public automatic carrier system, this invention explains the outline first.

[0037] He is a user first. In order to use public automatic carrier system, a use contract is performed among the entrepreneurs who employ various kinds of institutions of a system, and the cost of equipment of the terminal installed in a user side or a siding, a cost of construction, etc. are paid.

[0038] Dispatch person of goods for conveyance The conveyance conditions of goods are told to a control station using the screen of the terminal of a terminal etc.
The destination of goods It directs using a receiver's CATS address like the after-mentioned.
It is possible to change into the CATS address also from the telephone number or the address.
A conveyance path is planned and the time which an estimated fee and conveyance take is shown.
If dispatch is requested, a contract will be concluded and settlement of a mailing cost will be performed henceforth.

[0039] If a contract is concluded, the container and truck which fitted goods by the control station are assigned, for example, a truck will be loaded with the container in a container pool, it will move in a conveyance way, for example, orbit, top, and it will arrive at the terminal by the side of a dispatch person.
Dispatch person Goods are contained in a container, a container is closed and it attaches in a truck.
When only a container already exists in a terminal An empty truck arrives at a terminal, a container is mounted automatically, and a truck leaves.
A container can also be removed and kept.
Only while having separated, also suppose that deposition of a guarantee charge is needed.
.

[0040] Control station The identifier of a truck and a container is recognized and the whereabouts within the system of a truck and a container is managed correctly.
Although a bar code may be used as long as it is only ID of a container/truck, it is only the existing bar code. Since conveyance transaction cannot be specified uniquely, the information on Conveyance ID, and the destination and others can be written by equipping a container/truck with the electronic tag in which non-contacting R/W is possible.
To the R/W A personal digital assistant can also be used.
Location within the system of a truck It is controlled by the control station and is the selfish movement of a truck. It is suppressed.
in order to prevent the substitution within the system of a container or a truck -- him -- authentication technology shall be applied to goods and a control station pair truck / container / terminal shall verify a partner mutually

[0041] In conveyance When those who perform 開函 and a contents check for insurance, returned goods, dealings proof, etc. are specified It is made to go via those [ the ] who are specified, and conveyance is performed.
If traffic congestion, a bar, disaster, an absence and movement of a receiver, reception refusal, vicarious execution, a shift, etc. are during conveyance, a dynamic change of a path will be made.
When the time of an arrival term draws near for quality maintenance etc. It treats urgently and shunting to returned goods, dispatch person directions waiting, and a 保冷 warehouse etc. is directed.

[0042] It is related with receipt of goods. Truck which arrived at the terminal by the side of a receiver It is kept waiting outside and arrival of a truck is told to the terminal by the side of a receiver like arrival of an E-mail.
Receipt directions of the goods from a receiver side It becomes possible after that always.
A truck arrives at the terminal by the side of a receiver according to the directions.
in order [ to a receiver ] to change and to prevent 済まし -- him, a receiver, -- after authentication is successful, 開函/unlocking of a container are attained
It is recovery of price if the candidates for conveyance are goods. It performs at this moment and the notice of the completion of conveyance to the dispatch person of goods is performed through a control station.

[0043] Then, the form of a practicing of this invention is explained to details below with reference to a drawing. Fig. 2 This invention is the basic composition block diagram of the target public automatic carrier system.



Fig. 2 Basic composition block diagram of target public [ invention / this ] automatic carrier system

It sets to this figure and is the conveyance way 11. The network 12 is constituted and it is conveyance on a network 12. It shall be controlled by one control station 15.
When a network 12 includes a wide area Naturally it is also possible to control conveyance in the whole network, providing two or more control stations, and each control station sharing the part of the networks, and cooperating mutually.

[0044]
Fig. 2 Among the terminals of a large number which were alike and set and were connected to the network 12 For example, [ from ] if a conveyance directions signal is given to a control station 15 through a transmission channel 14 from the dispatch person terminal 13 where a user requests conveyance of goods Control station 15 The orbital switching unit 19 inside a network 12 and the truck 18 on the conveyance way 11 are controlled through the destination control circuit 20 and a transmission channel 14. For example, the movement of the truck 18 with which the goods 16 into which it was put by the container 17 were carried is controlled, and a truck 18 is conveyed to the receiver terminal 21 by the side of the receiver of goods 16.
Receiver terminal 21 Through a transmission channel 14, the completion signal of conveyance is given to a control station 15, and is conveyed. It completes.
It is at the completion time of conveyance, and through a transmission channel 14, the fee settlement-of-accounts part 22 is started by the control station 15, and settlement of a conveyance fee is performed.

[0045] Fig. 3 To Fig. 2 It is the fundamental conceptual diagram of the motion-control method of the truck 18 which is not illustrated.



Fig. 3 Figure explaining fundamental concept of motion control of truck in public automatic carrier system

It connects with a transmission channel 14 altogether, and is controlled by the truck 18 and the orbital switching unit 19, for example, a transmission channel 14 and an orbit, i.e., the signal added between grounds 24.
inner part of a truck 18 and the orbital switching unit 19 the signal added between a transmission channel 14 and a ground 24 -- the movement of a truck 18 -- moreover -- It has the circuit which controls the change of the orbit by the orbital switching unit 19.

[0046]
Fig. 4 It is the composition block diagram of public automatic carrier system in which having shown the detailed composition of a control station 15 further in addition to Fig. 2 .



Fig. 4 Block diagram showing detailed composition of control station in automatic carrier system

In this figure A control station 15, For example, the dispatch person terminal 13 is minded from a user 10. ON [ the conveyance directions signal carried out ] Conveyance directions signal ON to receive The completion signal ON of conveyance which receives the completion signal of conveyance from a circuit 26 and the receiver terminal 21 ON of 27 or 2 circuits The signal from circuits 26 and 27 is ON. It consists of access memory 29 to the processor 28 and processor 28 which are carried out. Processor 28 For example, it has the software 30 as that to which the program stored in access memory 29 is loaded.

[0047]
Fig. 4 It is alike, it sets and is a network 12 as mentioned above. It shall be controlled by a plurality of control stations, and is a control station 15. It comes out of the conveyance control signal for controlling the orbital change by the conveyance directions signal, the completion signal of conveyance, and the movement and the orbital switching unit 19 of a truck 18 through a transmission channel 14 if needed among other control stations 25 ON. It carries out.
moreover, the figure 2 -- setting -- Goods 16 the suitable container with which goods 16 were contained although it should be contained by the container 17, it should be carried in the truck 18 and it should move on the conveyance way 11 -- moreover -- It is possible to also make it move on the conveyance way 11 which consists of a roller and a belt so that a capsule 17 may be mentioned later directly.

[0048] Fig. 5 It is the example of composition of the control signal sending-out circuit for it being equivalent to the destination control circuit 20 of Fig. 2 , and controlling a terminal, an orbital switching unit, other ground equipments, and a truck.



Fig. 5 Block diagram showing example of composition of control signal sending-out circuit equivalent to destination control circuit

This figure (a) Appearance of the power circuit 32 which set and was connected to the external energizer, and the signal modulation circuit 33 It is compounded by the synthetic circuit 34 and added between the electric conduction side rail 36 and the ground side rail 35.

[0049] (b) it is alike and is shown -- as -- electric conduction side rail 36 it insulates with the insulator 38 between ties 37 -- having -- てお -- on the other hand -- ground side rail 35 it places on a tie 37 as it is -- having -- tie 37 It is installed on the orbital floor 39.

[0050]
Fig. 6 It is the detailed composition block diagram of a terminal, an orbital switching unit, and other ground equipments.



Fig. 6 Block diagram showing detailed composition of terminal orbital switching unit and other ground equipments

It sets to this figure and they are each equipment 40 and
Fig. 5 . It comes out from a の合成 circuit 34. [ signal / which is carried out / a dc component ] appearance of a dc-component separation circuit 41 to separate and a dc-component separation circuit 41 [ a shell high frequency component ] Appearance of a high-frequency-component separation circuit 42 to separate and a high-frequency-component separation circuit 42 An instruction-decode circuit 44 which decodes a notice to self-equipment when ID coincidence detector 43 and coincidence which detect whether ID within a signal sent by being based is in agreement with ID of self-equipment are detected, Appearance of a sending circuit 46 for transmitting, when returning a required signal to a control station 15 corresponding to an execution result of an execution circuit 45 and an execution circuit 45 which performs required control according to an instruction-decode result, and a sending circuit 46 It consists of signal modulation circuits 47 which are based and perform a signal modulation.
And 電 [ as opposed to equipment 40 by dc component separated by dc-component separation circuit 41 ] Supply accomplishes.

[0051] Fig. 7 It is the composition block diagram of a truck 18.



Fig. 7 Block diagram showing composition of truck

The internal composition
Figure 6 Although it is the same also in の各 equipment 40, it is the ON to a dc-component separation circuit 41. And appearance from a signal modulation circuit 47 It connects with a wheel on an electric conduction side rail 36 through a current collection brush 48.
This wheel A ground side rail 35 electrically connected by wheel axile 50 and axle hole 51 by insulator 49 in a circle It is insulated.

[0052] Fig. 8 It is the diagram of a synthetic method of voltage given to an electric conduction side rail 36 in Fig. 5 .



Fig. 8 Figure explaining synthetic method of voltage given to electric conduction side rail in Fig. 5

this figure (a) shown direct current voltage -- moreover -- (b) alternating voltage of shown low frequency --
Fig. 5 It comes out of の電源回路 32. It is carried out.
A signal component which should transmit on the other hand (c) It receives, a high-frequency modulation is performed by signal modulation circuit 33, and it is (d). A shown signal is acquired.
Appearance of a power circuit 32 and a signal modulation circuit 33 It is compounded by synthetic circuit 34 and is (e). A signal component by which the high-frequency modulation was carried out will be added to a dc component so that it may be shown, and an electric conduction side rail 36 will be given.

[0053] Fig. 9 It is the detailed composition block diagram of a circuit for operation control of a truck.



Fig. 9 Block diagram showing detailed composition of circuit for operation control of truck

It sets to this figure and is the appearance of an execution circuit 45. It is given to an acceleration directions register 56 and is the appearance of an acceleration directions register 56. A motor drive circuit 57 and a brake drive circuit 59 are given.

[0054] appearance of a motor drive circuit 57 a motor 58 drives -- having -- a rotational frequency of a motor, i.e., speed, a small aircraft generator -- if -- く it measures with an airspeed indicator 62 as a pulse counter for speed measurement -- having -- the measurement result After being stored in a speed register 63, an execution circuit 45 is given.
Moreover, appearance of a brake drive circuit 59 A brake drive 60 operates, and a brake 61 drives, for example, it is 圧 to a wheel axile. It is added.
In moreover, an execution circuit 45 A clock circuit 64 is connected.

[0055] as the kind of run command executed by control of an execution circuit 45 加減速 in specified acceleration, and a run at specified speed -- if -- く There are loading to a truck of a stop, a sudden stop, and a container, removal from a truck of a container, closing of a container, 開函 of a container, a set of a clock, etc.

[0056]
Fig. 10 It is the diagram of a conveyance data base 66 stored in access memory 29 inside a control station.



Fig. 10 Diagram of conveyance data base inside control station

It consists of conveyance data bases 66, for example, conveyance transaction information respectively corresponding to conveyance of one goods, and is each conveyance transaction information 67. Generally it is constituted by a plurality of conveyance transaction attributes 68.

[0057]
Fig. 11 It is the example of the contents of storing of this conveyance data base 66.



Fig. 11 Figure showing example of contents of storing of conveyance data base

As shown in this figure, it is conveyance transaction information. It consists of a plurality of attributes corresponding to the goods itself, such as a goods name, and a plurality of attributes of a destination address of goods, the dispatch person address, etc. related with conveyance.

[0058] It sets to public automatic carrier system (a common automatic transport system, CATS) so that it may mention later. A destination point, a dispatch point, the present run point of a truck, etc. are specified by the CATS address for identifying each point uniquely.

[0059] Conveyance control using this CATS address is explained further.
As mentioned above, a conveyance control signal for controlling a truck 18 and an orbital switching unit 19
Fig. 5 it gives a truck 18 and an orbital switching unit 19 using の回路 -- having -- directions of acceleration of a truck, or speed -- being certain -- it is -- Directions of a stop are performed.

[0060] this conveyance control signal a truck 18 of the destination of a signal -- moreover -- an orbital switching unit 19 -- being certain -- it is -- ID of terminals 13 and 21 -- moreover -- The CATS address is contained. Fig. 6 and Fig. 7 explained -- as -- every place top equipment -- moreover -- A truck ID corresponding to [ read and decode all signals that flow on an electric conduction side rail 36, i.e., a packet, and ] self-equipment -- if -- く If a packet in which the CATS address is stored is detected, the contents of the packet will be sent to an execution circuit, and required control will be performed.
With consequently, a control station side Only by putting a high-frequency signal on an electric conduction side rail 36, only equipment which should receive the signal will perform control corresponding to the signal.

[0061] Fig. 12 They are attachment of a goods container to a truck, and the diagram of removal.



Fig. 12 Attachment of container to truck, and diagram of removal

This figure (a) It sets. A container 17 is removed from a truck 18, a container 17 is opened, and receipts and payments of goods 16 by people are possible.
(b) alike -- setting -- A container 17 with which goods 16 were stored is closed, and the state where it was attached in a truck 18 is shown.

[0062]
Fig. 13 They are an electric hook which enables attachment to a truck of a container, and removal as Fig. 14 and Fig. 12 explained, and the diagram of the operation.



Fig. 13 Figure showing appearance when container is attached in truck

Fig. 13 Appearance when a container 17 is attached in a truck 18 is shown, and it is a container 17. It is fixed to a truck 18 by four electric hooks 70.

[0063] Fig. 14 They are opening of a container by electric hook, and the diagram of fixed operation.



Fig. 14 Opening of container by electric hook, and diagram of fixed operation

This figure (a) It is electric hook 70 so that it may be shown. A motor 71 and 動 An axis 73 is rotated as a center by operation of a transfer mechanism 72, and it is a container 17. It is released from a truck 18.
As the drive power supply of a motor 71 For example, the above-mentioned dc component is used.
(b) A fixed state of a container 17 by electric hook 70 is shown, and electric hook 70 operates. A motor 71 and 電 It is performed by transfer mechanism 72.

[0064]
Fig. 15 It is the diagram of an automatic 積卸 mechanism for carrying automatically Fig. 16 , for example, a container which contained goods in a terminal, in a truck, or wholesaling it. Fig. 15 It is the diagram of an automatic loading method to a truck 18 of a container 17.



Fig. 15 Diagram of automatic loading-and-unloading mechanism to truck of container (the 1)

This figure (a) It is a container 17 so that it may be shown. It is pushed on a move arm 76 and carried on a truck 18.
(b) it is alike and is shown -- as -- a move arm 76 It will move pushing a container 17 in a form kept perpendicular to a bar 75, and, as a result, a container 17 will move in the direction of a truck 18 on コロ 78 on a stand 77.

[0065]
Fig. 16 Signs that it is pushed by move arm 76 and moves in the direction of a stand 77 from a state where a container 17 was carried in a truck 18 contrary to Fig. 15 are shown.



Fig. 16 Diagram of automatic loading-and-unloading mechanism to truck of container (the 2)

Fig. 17 They are other examples of a mechanism for automatic 積卸 of a container 17 to a truck 18 like Fig. 18 , Fig. 15 , and Fig. 16 .



Fig. 17 Figure showing other examples of automatic loading-and-unloading mechanism to truck of container (the 1)

Fig. 17 The state where it is alike, set and a truck does not exist is shown, and it is a container 17. It is put on a container support plate 80.
A container support plate 80 The movement is controlled by electric mechanism 82 to support and mention later with a post 81.

[0066] Fig. 18 The state where a container 17 was carried on a truck 18 is shown.



Fig. 18 Figure showing other examples of automatic loading-and-unloading mechanism to truck of container (the 2)

As shown in this figure, it is a container support plate 80. It is horizontally moved according to an electric mechanism 82, and is a container 17. It will be carried in a truck 18.

[0067]
Fig. 19 It is the diagram of the 3rd example of automatic loading equipment to a truck of a container.



Fig. 19 Diagram of the 3rd example of automatic loading-and-unloading mechanism to truck of container

It sets to this figure and is with a truck 18. A level state of a chinning-exercises stand 86 is maintained by chinning-exercises arm 85 from which the both ends serve as the free axis of rotation.
a container 17 put on a stand 87 when a container 17 is moved along with a bar 84 by electric move arm 88 which can move it carries on a chinning-exercises stand 86 -- having -- moreover -- reverse -- a container 17 It is moved onto a stand 87 from a chinning-exercises stand 86.
passage which a container 17 carried in a chinning-exercises stand 86 and a truck 18 were able to open in a wall 89 along a conveyance way 11 -- it is conveyed by moving through a hole 90 at a destination terminal side

[0068]
Fig. 20 It is the diagram of operation of a move arm in Fig. 19 .



Fig. 20 Figure explaining operation of move arm in Fig. 19

it can move over a move arm 88 and a container 17 -- as -- a bar 84 -- a medial axis -- carrying out -- (a) it is shown -- as -- the left -- moreover -- It is electric rightward, and 90 degrees, rotation is possible and it has come.
Again (b) It can also consider as a structure where a move arm 88 is perpendicularly raised toward a bar 84 so that it may be shown.

[0069]
Fig. 21 It is the diagram of automatic wholesale of a container 17 from a truck 18 at the time of using equipment of Fig. 19 .



Fig. 21 Diagram of automatic wholesale of container from truck in mechanism of Fig. 19

A truck with which a container 17 was carried on a chinning-exercises stand 86 by (2) arrives, and one of the two's move arm moves to right-hand side of a container 17 by (4), and a move arm 88 of both sides sandwiches a container 17 by (6), and it is made to move onto a stand 87 by (7) in this figure.
A move arm 88 moves to left-hand side of a container by (8) - (10) after that, a truck returns by (12), and operation is ended.

[0070]
Fig. 22 It is the diagram of container shipping operation to a truck which arrived at a terminal contrary to Fig. 21 , without carrying a container.



Fig. 22 Diagram of container shipping operation to truck in mechanism of Fig. 19

It sets to this figure, for example, is on a stand 87 by the side of a terminal. Although two containers are put, a container of right-hand side nearest to a truck shall be carried in a truck.
If a truck arrives by (2), while a move arm 88 rotates by (3), after exceeding a left-hand side container, inserting a right-hand side container 17, moving a container on a chinning-exercises stand 86 by (4) and a truck's leaving by (5), the state where a move arm 88 moved to left-hand side is shown.

[0071]
Fig. 23 It is the diagram of movement to loading to a truck of a container on a hopper, and a stacker of a container carried in a truck.



Fig. 23 Loading to truck of container on hopper, and diagram of movement to stacker of container carried in truck

It sets to this figure and is movement of a container. For example, a
figure 15 It shall be performed by mechanism explained in Fig. 16 .
If a container which should be loaded into a truck is placed by user on a hopper 91, sequentially from a thing of a direction near a truck 18, by move arm 76, a container 17 will be carried in a truck 18 and a truck 18 will leave.
It is inserted by a container 17 which was carried in a truck 18 on the other hand, and arrived, and move arm 76, is pushed into a stacker 92, and is stocked.
A user A container 17 which reached a stacker 92 can be taken out in arbitrary sequence.

[0072] Fig. 24 It is the diagram of an example in which automatic 積卸 mechanisms of a container differ further.



Fig. 24 Diagram of example in which automatic loading-and-unloading mechanisms of container differ further

In this figure, a flexible arm 94 is lengthened from a truck 18, and a container is carried in a truck 18 from a stand 96 using container control 95 of the tip.
By using this formality, it is a conveyance way side. An automechanism for container loading becomes unnecessary.

[0073]
Fig. 25 It is the diagram of a flexible arm in Fig. 24 of operation.



Fig. 25 Figure explaining operation of flexible arm in Fig. 24

In this figure, first, a left-hand side flexible arm 94 is lengthened by (1), is rotated by (2), and becomes possible [ pushing out a container ].
And a right-hand side flexible arm 94 is lengthened by (3), and it is rotated by (4), and is
Fig. 24 . It is alike and will be in the state which shows.

[0074] in the above, Fig. 15 - figure 25 explained -- as -- public automatic carrier system of this invention -- setting -- a mechanism in which a container which can be removed is automatically attached in a truck -- if -- く It has a mechanism in which a container is automatically removed from a truck. A container is automatically wholesaled from a truck which carried that a container is automatically carried in a truck which came to a terminal, without carrying a container, and a truck departs from a terminal towards the destination, and a container, and came to a terminal, and it enables a truck to return from the terminal to a conveyance way.

[0075] Fig. 26 It is the diagram of conveyance to a dispatch person terminal 13 of a container which can be removed.



Fig. 26 Figure explaining conveyance to dispatch person terminal of container which can be removed

It sets to this figure and is to a container pool 97. when a container 98 which can be removed is pooled and a user 10 gives container demand information from a dispatch person terminal 13 to a control station 15 a control station 15 a container group to a container pool 97 -- moreover -- [ group / which is carried in a truck / which can be used / container ] He is a user by finding a container suitable for a user's requirement which can be removed, carrying the container in a truck 18, and conveying in a dispatch person terminal 13. It becomes possible to use a container suitable for one's demand which can be removed.

[0076] With the target public [ invention / this ] automatic carrier system The CATS address is decided so that it can identify uniquely as mentioned above at every point in the world.
For example, a number of digits of each subfield which expresses a city etc. by making "9" into a delimiter It is not necessary to be necessarily fixation for example, and he is a country 9. A ground zone 9 A smallness area 9 A city 9 A zone An address 9 The CATS address of a room in which a terminal was established like a room 99 can be decided.

[0077] You may adopt ".","/", "-", "", etc. as a delimiter.
An advantage of adopting numbers, such as "9", as a delimiter It is ON simply with a telephone button, remote control, a ten key, etc. It is in a place as for which is possible and the expression is made, universal character, i.e., number.

[0078] as the example of description of the CATS address 、

- It is the thing (8192939491166111910 2999) of only a number like the telephone number.
- what consists of a number and decimal point like an IP address of the Internet (10.83.140.170) 、
- What consists of the alphabetic character and a sign like URL (Uniform Resource Locator) of the Internet (cats://cats.fujitsu.co.jp/headquarers/1 F/room2/) (cats://cats.fujitsu.co.jp/headquarers/personnel/), ' jun yamamoto/(cats://catsjapan.co.jp/japan.100.tokyo.chiyoda-ku.marunouchi.6-1-1.A-building.102.Kazuo-Yamada),
- What had a sub-address like an extension and was divided with a specific sign (cats://cats.fujitsu.co.jp/headquarers +1234)

がある .

[0079]
Fig. 27 It is the diagram of the address of a terminal T.



Fig. 27 Figure explaining example of the CATS address

The CATS address of a terminal T It is 8192939491166111910 2999.
It sets to this address and is 81 of the first subfield. 2 of the next subfield after 9 which is a delimiter about Japan It is Honshu 3 of that following subfield It is Kanto 4 of the following subfield It is Tokyo 116 6111 of the following subfield Chiyoda Marunouchi About a 6-1-1 A building, it is that following subfield. A No. 102 room is expressed and it is 999 of the last. The end of the address is meant.
A user interface 999 of the last is omissible.
Moreover, 999 of the last is omissible in a data base and a message.
By using this address, goods in A building No. 102 room in 6-1-1, Marunouchi, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo in Japan from every point in the world It becomes くこと.

[0080] As the destination when shipping goods in this No. 102 room for example, from the inside of Tokyo A common head portion can be omitted and 11661119102999 can be used as the address.
A control station 15 The CATS address of each terminal is memorized in a data base, and an orbital switching unit 19 is controlled by referring to it.

[0081]
Fig. 28 Fig. 29 It is the diagram of an orbit and an example of the CATS address of a terminal.



Fig. 28 Figure explaining how to attach the CATS address of orbit and terminal

Fig. 28 It is alike, it sets and is an orbit. The address is attached also to a point, while being divided into the suitable orbital section and attaching the address.
These CATS addresses All are attached uniquely.

[0082] Fig. 29 It is the example of the 対応す CATS address in each terminal and the orbital section of Fig. 28 .



Fig. 29 Figure showing example of the CATS address to each terminal and the orbital section of Fig. 28

It sets to this figure and is an underline. It is shown that values of the continued line and subfield differ.
In addition, a break of the orbital section It is divided by point or is [ are and ]. The section to divide on account of operation or upkeep is shown.

[0083]
Fig. 30 It is the diagram of an example of orbital change control using the figure 31 CATS address.



Fig. 30 Figure explaining example of orbital change control using the CATS address

Fig. 30 It is alike, it sets and is, an orbital change signal, i.e., a conveyance control signal, from a control station 15. Fig. 5 etc. It differs and is told to a decoder 101 through the independent transmission line 100.
A decoder 101 Arrival of a notice in which a told notice was always decoded and the address of a corresponding point was stored executes the notice.

[0084] Fig. 31 An example of a change notice to a decoder 101 for connecting a point g with f-g-h is shown.



Fig. 31 Figure showing example of point change notice

The CATS address stored in the beginning of this notice It is the address corresponding to a point g, and is that following 123. A point change is shown and it is 1 of the last. Left turn is shown.
When a point is connected with f-g-h A truck In both cases, it is
Fig. 31 although it is in both a case where it moves like f-g-h, and a case of moving like h-g-f. Connection of a point is performed by notice of の左折.

[0085] When a control station sends a notice of Fig. 31 , a truck will pass a point g by point connection of f-g-h accomplishing and sending an acceleration notice to a truck 18 from a control station 15 after that by controlling relay 103 by decoder 101, and current's being passed by point change magnet 104 (P1), and disconnecting current of an electromagnet 105 (P2) conversely.

[0086] In the target public [ invention / this ] automatic carrier system As mentioned above, although all the terminals and orbital sections are uniquely identified by the CATS address, he is a user, for example. Information on other, such as the telephone number of the destination, can also be used instead of the CATS address.
In this case, in a control station, conversion to the CATS address from the telephone number is performed. Fig. 32 It is the diagram of this address conversion.



Fig. 32 Figure explaining conversion method from the telephone number to the CATS address

[0087]
Fig. 32 It is alike, it sets and is to an inner part of a control station 15. It has an address-conversion circuit 110 and an address-conversion dictionary 111.
And a user is ON about the telephone number 03-3123-4567 as the destination for conveyance directions from a dispatch person terminal 13, for example. if it carries out The contents of the address-conversion dictionary 111 are searched by address-conversion circuit 110 inside a control station 15. And the CATS address 49561 of the destination corresponding to this telephone number is obtained. This destination address is given to a destination control circuit 20, control of an orbital change etc. is performed by destination control circuit 20, a truck is shown by the destination CATS address 49561, for example, control which arrives at a receiver terminal is performed.

[0088] Thus, although it is an inner part of a control station, for example, conversion to the CATS address from the telephone number is performed, when conversion is impossible An error message is displayed to a user. Fig. 33 It is this example of an error message display.



Fig. 33 Figure showing example of display of error message at time of conversion failure to the CATS address

In this figure, it indicates that a CATS subscriber corresponding to the telephone number 03-3213-4560 is not registered as an error message.

[0089] Thus, a control station For example, although conversion to the CATS address from the telephone number can be performed, conversion to the telephone number from the CATS address can also be performed conversely.
Fig. 34 It is the diagram of a display on display on this conversion and a dispatch person terminal of that conversion result.



Fig. 34 Conversion to the telephone number from the CATS address, and diagram of example of display of conversion result

It sets to this figure, for example, a user is ON about 49561999 as the CATS address of the destination in an inner part of a conveyance directions signal. if it carries out An address-conversion circuit 110 inside a control station 15 The contents of the address-conversion dictionary 111 are searched. While detecting that the telephone number corresponding to that address is 03-3123-4567, for example, conferring this telephone number and a name of the destination as an indicative data to display on a dispatch person terminal 13 As opposed to a destination control circuit 20 The destination CATS address 49561 is given and it is
Fig. 32 . If it can be alike and can set, control of an orbit and a truck will be performed similarly.

[0090] Fig. 35 It is the example of an error message displayed when conversion to other information [ address / CATS ], for example, conversion to the address, goes wrong in this way.



Fig. 35 Figure showing example of display of error message at time of conversion failure to other information [ address / CATS ]

For example, it indicates that the address to CATS address 81929394911661119102 is not registered.

[0091] the inside of the CATS address explained above -- a specific number -- if -- く setting a break and a meaning of specific control to a sign -- ON of the CATS address ON Completion and ON closing (ON canceling) -- ON It becomes possible to give various directions of correction etc.
As mentioned above, one 9 It is two 9 although it is the break of a subfield. A control code which functional classification follows next shall be expressed, and it is
Fig. 36 . の -- it shall have a meaning [ like ]



Fig. 36 Figure showing example of control code to the CATS address


[0092]
Fig. 36 alike -- setting -- 999 [ for example, ] ON an end -- 990 ON closing (canceling) -- 993 Reentry from a head a shown control code -- it is -- 997 and 998 It is intact.
Other control codes It mentions later.

[0093] Fig. 37 ON It is the example of the CATS address in which has the control code 999 of an end at the end, and it has the same meaning altogether.



Fig. 37 Figure showing example with the same meaning of the CATS address

(a) It is the perfect CATS address and the CATS address of A building No. 102 room (Kazuo Yamada) is shown.
(b) Set in Japan and it is ON. The address carried out is shown and it is this ON. A code 81 showing a country is compensated and it becomes the perfect CATS address.
(c) - (f) It sets in Tokyo and is ON. When carried out, it is regarded as the CATS address which all points out A building No. 102 room.

[0094] For example, it sets in arbitrary rooms of A building (8192939491166111), and 444999 is ON as the CATS address. When carried out It is interpreted as what shows a No. 444 room of A building.

[0095] next, ON as the example containing a control code to close (canceling) -- the address 819293990 -- ON a time of being carried out -- a dispatch person terminal -- moreover -- A control station ON of the CATS address a user having closed, namely, having canceled -- judging -- ON beyond it It does not ask but is interpreted as that to which a conveyance request was not performed.

[0096] Next, from a head to one-character retreat, 1 subfield retreat, and a reentry About a meaning of a control code, it is
Fig. 38 . を用いて explanation is given.



Fig. 38 From head to one-character retreat, 1 subfield retreat, and reentry A figure showing an example of the CATS address for which a control code is used

Fig. 38 It sets in Tokyo (81929394) and is ON. When carried out, it is interpreted as the CATS address which all points out a No. 102 room (Kazuo Yamada) of A building.
(a) Fig. 37 (c) It is the same.
(b) It is the example for which a control code of one-character retreat is used, and is 7 in front of a control code 991. ON It is a mistake, this is canceled and 0 reenters. It means having been carried out.

[0097] Moreover, (c) It is the example for which a control code of 1 subfield retreat is used, and is a subfield 17 in front of the control code 992. ON It is a mistake, this is erased and 102 reenters. Having been carried out is shown.
(d) And (e) A reentry from a head It is the example for which a control code 993 is used.
(e) A reentry It is the example in which further 3949 is added to a head.

[0098] Next, an example of use of a control code specified by a CATS contractor is explained. Fig. 39 It is the example of a CATS contractor code currently assigned to three CATS contractors, respectively.



Fig. 39 Figure showing example of CATS contractor code

With a reason using the CATS address which does not overlap for every CATS contractor here if a plurality of CATS contractors shall overlap and use the same address that there is nothing and substantially It is 11661119102999 in a terminal of all day conveyances in Tokyo (81929394). Again 9942911661119102999 It is ON about any. even if it carries out as what points out a No. 102 room (Kazuo Yamada) of A building -- 9941911661119102999 -- again -- 9943911661119102999 -- ON A case where it carries out A user who may point out the same user and is different may be pointed out.
Furthermore, it may become the error without relevance.

[0099] Next, it is
Fig. 40 about an example of use of another code specification. It explains using Fig. 41 .
Fig. 40 It is the diagram of a conversion pattern code and its meaning.



Fig. 40 Figure explaining conversion pattern code and its meaning

For example, it means that the telephone number is specified as 1 of a conversion pattern code, and a front [ conversion ] code.

[0100]
Fig. 41 is the example of the contents of storing of an address-conversion dictionary.



Fig. 41 Figure showing example of contents of storing of address-conversion dictionary

For example, it is 995190331234567999 as the CATS address. It is
Fig. 41 when inputted. The contents of the の address-conversion dictionary are referred to, and it is 81929394911661159102 as the CATS address of a completion department store. An address-conversion circuit asks.

[0101] Finally an example of use of a control code of shortening code specification is explained. Fig. 42 is a figure showing relation between a shortening number registered into a certain terminal, and the CATS address corresponding to it.



Fig. 42 Figure showing example of terminal registered shortening number

[0102] For example, in the address 996191999, the following 1 of a thing the following 1 of 996 indicates a terminal registered shortening number as a shortening number kind code to be, then a delimiter 9 is a shortening number, and it is
Fig. 42 . The CATS address which carries out shell correspondence is 81929394911661119102, and it turns out that a No. 102 room (Kazuo Yamada) of A building is pointed out.

[0103] Again 996192999 An input of the CATS address is interpreted as the same as that of an input of the CATS address of a completion department store explained as an example corresponding to Fig. 41 from Fig. 42 .

[0104] Fig. 43 and Fig. 44 are the flow charts of reading of the CATS address inputted into a control station, i.e., code analysis processing.



Fig. 43 Code analysis processing flow chart (the 1)



Fig. 44 Code analysis processing flow chart (the 2)

If it is not the case of the end of file when processing was started in this figure, a character of the beginning of the address was first read at step S1, the last location of a file is already arrived at and a character is not able to be read namely If it is judged whether a character read at step S2 is 9 and it is not 9, it will connect with a character which already exists in an area in which the character stores a subfield in at step S3, and stores a subfield under present processing within an internal memory.
When a character is not stored in the area yet, it is stored in the area as first character, and processing after step S1 is repeated.

[0105] When a character read at step S2 is 9, the character of one character as follows is read at step S4, when it is judged whether the character is 9 at step S5 when it is not the end of file and it is not 9, the contents of the subfield storing area under preservation of a subfield, i.e., the present processing, are saved at step S6, a read character is stored in the following subfield and processing after step S1 is repeated.

[0106]
When it is 0, in order to mean that 990 had appeared as a control code, processing is ended as an input cancel, i.e., input cancellation.

[0107] When it is 1, in order to judge whether it is 1 at step S11 when it is not 0 at step S10, and to mean that a code of 991, i.e., one-character retreat, had appeared as a control code, When it is judged [ of one or more characters ] whether the contents of a subfield under present processing are one or more characters and it exists at step S12, after one character of a tail of the subfield is deleted at step S13, processing after step S1 is repeated.

[0108] When a subfield is not one or more characters at step S12, i.e., a character does not exist in an area which should store a subfield yet The subfield, i.e., a subfield under present processing secured to an internal memory, is canceled at step S14. A subfield in front of in front of a delimiter is inspected, when it is judged whether a subfield before that exists at step S15 and it exists, processing after step S12 is repeated, and when it does not exist, processing after step S1 is repeated.
About processing of these steps S12-S15, it mentions later further using an example.

[0109]
Fig. 43 When it is 2, in order to judge whether it is 2 at step S16 of Fig. 44 when it is not 1 at a の step S11, and to mean that a control code of 992, i.e., 1 subfield retreat, had appeared as a control code, It is judged whether a subfield under present processing is one or more characters at step S17, and when it is one or more characters, after the subfield is cleared at step S18, processing after step S1 is repeated.

[0110] a subfield is not one or more characters at step S17 -- that is, a subfield is canceled at step S19 as well as [ when it is zero character ] step S14, a front subfield is inspected, when it is judged whether a front subfield exists at step S20 and it exists, processing after step S17 is repeated, and when it does not exist, processing after step S1 is repeated
Also about processing of these steps S17-S20, it mentions later using an example.

[0111] When it is judged whether it is 3 at step S21 when it is not 2 at step S16 and it is 3, in order to mean that a control code of reinput had appeared from a head as a control code, after all subfields are cleared at step S22, processing after step S1 is repeated.

[0112] When it is judged whether it is 4 at step S23 when it is not 3 at step S21 and it is 4, in order to mean that a control code specified by a CATS contractor had appeared, after CATS contractor code read processing (subroutine) is performed at step S24, processing after step S1 is repeated.
About this CATS contractor code read subroutine, it mentions later.

[0113] When it is not 4 at step S23, it is judged at step S25 whether it is 5.
When it is 5, in order to mean that a control code of another code specification had appeared, processing of a code and a number read subroutine is performed at step S26, and processing is ended.
It mentions later also about this subroutine.

[0114] When it is judged whether it is 6 at step S27 when it is not 5 at step S25 and it is 6, in order to mean that a control code of shortening code specification had appeared, processing is ended after processing of step S26, i.e., processing of a code and a number read subroutine, is performed like the above-mentioned.
Moreover, in not being 6, it ends processing as an error.

[0115] When judged with having reached the end of file, i.e., an end of file, at steps S1, S4, and S8 of Fig. 43 , and when it is judged with 9, 999 [ i.e., ] of an input end as a control code, having appeared at step S9, the contents of a subfield under present processing are saved at step S28, and processing is ended, all subfields being used as the CATS address at step S29.

[0116] Fig. 45 is a diagram of an example of processing of steps S12-S15 of Fig. 43 , i.e., processing of one-character retreat.



Fig. 45 Figure explaining example of processing of one-character retreat

Processing of an example is explained using a screen display of an internal memory which stores the contents of a subfield in this figure, and a terminal.

[0117] If 1293495 is inputted as the CATS address, 12, 34, and 5 are stored in an internal memory as contents of three subfields.
Since there are contents of one character of the last subfield, i.e., a subfield under processing, when 991 is inputted here, it is
Fig. 43 . It becomes a tail of one character, i.e., the state where 5 was deleted, at a の step S13.
Next, it is judged with a subfield of one or more characters not existing at step S12, if 991 is inputted once again, the subfield is canceled at step S14, and a subfield before that is inspected, and it is judged with a subfield before that existing at step S15, is judged with a subfield being one or more characters at step S12, and will be in the state where a tail of one character, 4 [ i.e., ], was deleted at step S13.

[0118] If 991 is inputted one after another and such processing is repeated, it will be in the state where all subfields were finally canceled, but since processing after step S1 is repeated also when a front subfield does not exist at step S15, it will be in the state of saying that any processing is not performed to 991 which passing inputs substantially, either.
In such a case, i.e., when a front subfield does not exist, naturally, it is also possible to create a flow chart so that it may consider as an error.
In addition, since 9 as a delimiter is not stored in an internal memory, 9 is flown so that 9 may not be erased by retreat, and processing to a character of a tail of a subfield before that is performed.
Moreover, instead of inputting the control code 991, a user can also give the completely same effect with having inputted 991 by pressing a key of a backspace.

[0119] Fig. 46 is a diagram of an example of processing of steps S17-S20 of Fig. 44 .



Fig. 46 Figure explaining example of 1 subfield retreat processing

An example is explained as that into which 1293495 was inputted as the CATS address in this figure.

[0120] It is
Fig. 44 , when a control code 992 is inputted after the CATS address is inputted. The 3rd subfield is cleared at a の step S18, if 992 is inputted next, the 3rd subfield will be canceled at step S19, and it is judged with a front subfield, i.e., the 2nd subfield, existing at step S20, and the 2nd subfield is cleared at step S18.
The processing same whenever 992 is inputted henceforth is repeated.
When a user presses a key of a shift-backspace instead of an input of three characters of 992 also here, it is also possible to produce same effect.

[0121] Fig. 47 is step S24 of Fig. 44 , i.e., a processing flow chart of a CATS contractor code read subroutine.



Fig. 47 Processing flow chart of CATS contractor code reading subroutine

If processing is started in this figure, 1 character code will be first read at step S31. When it is not the end of file, it is judged at step S32 whether the character is 9. When it is not 9, the character is connected with a code character string at step S33. The following one character is read at step S34, it is judged whether when it is not the end of file, the character is 9 at step S35, and when it is not 9, processing after step S33 is repeated.

[0122]
Fig. 39 Then, generally, although a code of only a single figure is shown as a CATS contractor code, since this code becomes the character string of double or more figures, processing of steps S33-S35 is repeated.

[0123] After the code is memorized at step S37 when it is judged whether it is the code into which the code is registered and it is registered at step S36 in order to mean that a break code is reached and a CATS contractor code was obtained, when it is 9 at step S35, processing carries out a return to the return point of a subroutine.

[0124] When a character first read at step S32 when it was the end of file at steps S31 and S34 is 9, and when not being registered at step S36, processing is all ended as an error.

[0125] Next, Fig. 48 and Fig. 49 are step S26 of Fig. 44 , i.e., a processing flow chart of a code and a number reading subroutine.



Fig. 48 Processing flow chart of code and number reading subroutine (the 1)



Fig. 49 Processing flow chart of code and number reading subroutine (the 2)

This subroutine is a processing flow chart for memorizing a front [ conversion ] code or a shortening number while memorizing a conversion pattern code or a shortening number kind code, when a code of another code specification of 995 or shortening code specification of 996 appears as a control code as mentioned above.

[0126]
Fig. 48 If it is alike, it sets and processing is started, processing first read one character at step S40 is performed, and when it is not the end of file, it will be judged at step S41 whether the character is 9.
Since the character will be a character of a head of either not a delimiter but a conversion pattern code, or a shortening number kind code when it is not 9, the character is connected with a code character string at step S42, and the following one character is read at step S43.
When the following one character is not the end of file, it is judged at step S44 whether the character is 9 as a delimiter.
When it is not 9, processing after step S42 is repeated.

[0127] Since it means that a code was read when it is 9, i.e., a delimiter, at step S44, processing which the code is memorized at step S46 when it is judged and registered at step S45 whether it is the code into which the code is registered, and reads the following one character at step S47 is performed.
Consequently, when it is not the end of file, it is judged at step S48 whether the character is 9 of a delimiter.

[0128] When it is not 9, in order to mean that the first one character of a front [ conversion ] code or a shortening number was read, the character is connected with a number at step S49 of Fig. 49 , and the following one character is read at step S50.
When it is judged at step S51 whether the character is 9 and it is not 9, processing after step S49 is repeated.

[0129] When it is 9 at step S51, in order to mean that a front [ conversion ] code or a shortening number was already read, the number is memorized at step S52, and the following one character is read at step S53.
It is judged whether the following one character is 9 at step S54, when it is 9, the following one character is read at step S55, and it is judged whether the character is 9 at step S56 further.
Since it means that 999 as a control code which shows an input end had appeared when it is 9, processing is ended as it is.
When it is 0, in order to judge whether it is 0 at step S57 when it is not 9, and to mean that 990 as a control code of an input cancel (canceling) had appeared, processing is ended as an input cancel.

[0130] When the last of the end of file, i.e., a file, is reached at steps S40, S43, S47, S50, and S55 and there is no character which should be read, processing is all ended as an error.
Moreover, when a character read at steps S41 and S48 is 9 and it is not 9 at step S54, in not being 0 at step S57, each ends processing as an error.
Furthermore, also when a code read at step S45 is not registered, processing is ended as an error.

[0131] Only a partial space where the inside of a numerical space which the address can take is not continuously used as the CATS address, for example, the 値群 is stored in a specific file, or a partial space discriminable under a specific rule can also be used.
When an excessive portion is added when a part of address received from a user or a computing system by this is mistaken, when a part is missing or, that the address's has been mistaken as error treatment conveyance processing can also be stopped.

[0132] The following addresses containing a check code are considered as the CATS address in such a case.
8192939491166111910 28999 -- eight in front of 999 as a control code which shows the completion of an input in this example is a check code
If in agreement in just because the contents of this check code added all the numbers except a delimiter 9 before it and divided by 10, it will be interpreted as a thing showing the right CATS address.
In this example, if all numbers are added, it will be set to 8+1+2+3+4+1+1+6+6+1+1+1+1+0+2=38, and remainder divided by 10 is set to 8, and is in agreement with 8 of a check code.

[0133] 1028 containing a check code is the tail of the address of A building No. 102 room (Kazuo Yamada), when a control station performs the above-mentioned calculation and is not in agreement with a check code, it judges with there having been an input mistake of the CATS address, and conveyance processing is interrupted for this example as an error.

[0134] Although it is possible to make the last subfield into ten kinds of 1020-1029 to a No. 102 room, it becomes easy by adopting only 1028 as the right CATS address and considering all other things as an error to detect an input mistake and a transmission error.
That is, redundancy will be provided to the CATS address and only some values will consider as the right thing.

[0135] Thus, as an example of others of the CATS address which uses only a partial space, when a control station registers the address or its subfield into a data base, a random number of 20 figures is generated, the address is registered, and a user can consider an example which uses this random number as the CATS address or its subfield.
A control station will continue processing corresponding to the address, if the CATS address inputted by user or its subfield is registered into a data base, and if there is nothing, it will interrupt processing as an error.

[0136] Supposing the CATS address of a 6th power individual of 10 is registered, only a 6th power individual of ten in a space of the 20th power of 10 will be the CATS address registered, and will become easy to detect an input mistake of the address, or a transmission error.
For example, in such a case, probability for the CATS address called 60274 41808 62773 00512 inputted at random to be dealt with as the thing right by chance is only 1 [ 14th power minute / of 10 ].

[0137] Fig. 50 is the example of an error message which is judged as the address which cannot exist having been inputted as a result of an address check in case only a partial space is used as the CATS address in this way, and is displayed.



Fig. 50 Figure showing example of display of error message as CATS address check result

In this figure, it indicates that it is what cannot have the CATS address used for a dispatch request.

[0138] Although the above explanation has explained a practicing form mainly by setting goods as a conveyance target in public automatic carrier system, it is also possible to convey man as a candidate for conveyance in a system.
In such a case, conveyance control which a conveyance way and a truck which were explained above, or a container was shared by not only transportation of goods but transportation of man, conveying man to a control station was told, and a control station controlled the human being's destination based on the CATS address, and took speed of a truck, acceleration, etc. into consideration for man is performed.

[0139]
Fig. 51 は -- it is the diagram of conveyance control in such a case



Fig. 51 Figure explaining conveyance control in case of conveying man

In this figure, if a start signal (conveyance directions signal) is given to a control station 15 through a start terminal 113 from a human being as a user 10, a control station 15 will draw up a conveyance plan suitable for conveying man, and will control a run of a truck 18 with which a user 10 rode through a destination control circuit 20 based on the plan by processor 28.

[0140] In such a case, a human being as a user 10 inputs location information convertible into the CATS address like that a candidate for conveyance is not goods but a human being, the CATS address of a destination, the name of a place, or the telephone number in a start terminal using a terminal of a terminal.

[0141]
Fig. 52 は -- it is the diagram of such an input method



Fig. 52 Figure explaining input method of conveyance directions signal from man

If man chooses a point A on a map currently displayed on a display screen of a terminal in this figure, a control station interprets it as that by which man goes to the point A, and a control station will assign a truck with which man can ride, and will forward it in a start terminal.
And controlling speed of an orbital switching unit or a truck, a truck is moved to a terminal at the target point A, and a truck is stopped in a terminal of a point A.
Man can get off a truck there.

[0142]
Fig. 53 は -- it is the diagram of a structure of a truck where man can ride such



Fig. 53 Figure showing structure of truck where man can ride

A cover 114 is attached in a truck so that man may ride and it can pass comfortably, and in front of a chair, it has an indicator panel 115 and a switch 116 which controls a start of a truck, a stop, destination change, etc.
Circuit arrangement of a truck are
Fig. 7 . Although it is the same as that of what was explained by や figure 9 , it differs in that an indicator panel 115 and a switch 116 are connected to an execution circuit 45.

[0143] Although goods conveyed, for example shall be contained by container in the above explanation, it shall be carried in a truck and it shall move on an orbit as a conveyance way, conveying is also possible by putting and moving objects without self-propelled capacity, such as a container, a capsule, etc. which contained the goods itself or goods, on a roller or a belt. Fig. 54 is a diagram of conveyance which used a roller.



Fig. 54 Figure explaining goods conveyance using roller

[0144]
Fig. 54 It is alike, it sets and goods 16 are put on a rotation roller 118.
A rotation roller 118 is rotated by belt 119 and motor 120, and, as a result, moves goods 16 on a rotation roller 118.
About conveyance control of goods using ID tag or a destination tag, it mentions later.

[0145] In Fig. 55 , a belt 123 is used instead of a rotation roller.



Fig. 55 Figure explaining goods conveyance using belt

A belt 123 moves by rotation of an axis 124 by rotation of still more nearly another belt 125, and makes goods put on it moved.

[0146]
Fig. 56 It is the diagram of a conveyance control system using a は bar code.



Fig. 56 Figure explaining conveyance control system using bar code

In this figure, a bar code 126 is stuck on a container 17 or a truck 18.
This bar code 126 is equivalent to above-mentioned ID tag or an above-mentioned destination tag.

[0147]
Fig. 56 A bar of a bar code moves in a bar code reader 127 front as it comes out and a truck 18 moves.
According to control of a bar code reader control unit 128, a bar code reader 127 turns light to a bar code, discharges, condenses the reflected light from a bar code with a lens, and detects it by sensor.
A sign printed on a bar code from a change of the reflected light on the strength is decoded, and a bar code reader control unit 128 transmits tag information read via transmission channels, such as a rail, to a control station.

[0148] In carrier system which used a tag like a bar code, before conveyance, a dispatch person uses a tag writer and records the destination of goods on a tag.
Or a control station memorizes ID of the goods, and the destination of goods in a data base as 1 set of data further.

[0149] If conveyance of goods is started, a control station will connect an orbit through which a truck passes at a starting point so that the goods may be conveyed toward the destination, and will take out directions of 加減速 to a truck.
The contents of the tag are read by tag reader currently installed along with a conveyance way, for example, an orbit, in the middle of a conveyance way to the destination, and it is sent to a control station.
A control station will detect the destination of goods with reference to a data base, if the contents are goods ID, it controls an orbital switching unit toward the detected destination, and moves a truck.

[0150] When a truck or a container moves to another conveyance network from one more conveyance network, by tag reader, read the contents of the tag, a control station to a network of a movement place is made to memorize the contents, and it uses for conveyance to the destination.

[0151] Loading to a computer of a program for realization of this invention etc. is explained to the last using Fig. 57 .



Fig. 57 Figure explaining loading to computer of program used for processing inside control station

In a form of a practicing of this invention, it is possible to store in a floppy disk etc. a program used for reading of the CATS address explained in
Fig. 43 , Fig. 44 , Fig. 47 , Fig. 48 , and Fig. 49 , for example, and to load it to a computer corresponding to a processor inside a control station.

[0152] In Fig. 57 , a program for the above-mentioned CATS address read processing etc. can also be used [ it being stored in memory 205 inside a computer 201, and also being used with a main part 204, also being used through a circuit 203 from a program provider side, being loaded to a computer 201, and ], loading 可搬 type record media 202, such as a floppy disk, to a main part 204 of a computer 201.

[0153] It is possible to use CD-ROM, a memory card, a floppy disk, a magneto-optic disk, an optical disk, and various kinds of other record media for various kinds of access memory, such as RAM and a hard disk, as a 可搬 type record medium 202 as memory 205 again.

[0154] In an example in which a truck carrying a container which contained goods for an orbit top as a conveyance way attached above, for example to the ground or underground moves, and is conveyed, mainly although a practicing form of public automatic carrier system was explained, a conveyance way could be laid by surface of the earth, underwater, Minakami, or space.
instead of [ of a truck carrying a container which contained goods ] -- goods, a substance, money, a bill, an information-storage medium, or a living thing -- as it is -- or a capsule loading these -- as it is -- or it may also be possible to convey a truck carrying the capsule, for example, a fee settled by fee settlement-of-accounts part of Fig. 2 may be not only goods price but a mailing cost, a change commission, or a tax

[0155] Furthermore, a conveyance way may be constituted by a roller and belt as mentioned above, and may be conveyed according to a cable, a board, a hook, an arm, a chain, a gear, a shooter, a propulsive engine, air pressure, 気体圧, a hyd, oil pressure, or a physical mechanism.
A container (capsule) which does not have self-propelled capacity which carried goods in such a conveyance on the street can also be moved.

[0156] Furthermore, as information changed into the above-mentioned CATS address, you may be not only the telephone number but a postal code number, the address, an Internet address, an employee number, a customer number, a user name, a user photograph, a certificate number, a certificate, a cut-form number, a cut-form, a card, a longitude and a latitude, an identifier, a numeric value, or multimedia information.
By inputting these from a user, or a computing system, the Internet, a telephone network, a telegraph network or a computer network, these information is changed into the CATS address and used for conveyance.


[0157]

[Effect of the Invention] As explained to details above, according to this invention, by controlling automatic conveyance in a conveyance way network by one or more control stations, and expressing all the points on a network by the unique CATS address, a physical distribution is automated highly and big effects, such as reduction in the energy of transportation, improvement in transportation quality, improvement in the speed, low-pollution-izing, and traffic accident reduction, are acquired.


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  * the patent publication No. 2000-357194 "Common Automatic Transport System" (Japan Patent Office)

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