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Patent Application of Bio-memory and Bio-communication Patent Application of Bio-memory and Bio-communication  
* This page is made by "machine translation" program from Japanese to English.
This document is a copy of the Jananese Kokai (namely, unexamined patent publication) No. 2002-302455 "An information communication method, an information record method, an encoder and a decoder, utilizing bio-macromolecules for communication medium or record medium" (Inventor: Masayuki Sonobe).

For readability, style properties of characters is partially modified in font, color, newline.
Scale of images is also modified.

[Document Name] Patent Application
[Serial Number] *
[Filing Date] October 17, Heisei 14
[Destination] The Director-General of the Patent Office
[International Patent Classification] H04B 13/00
G06F 11/22 350
[Inventor(s)]
[Address] *
[Name] Masayuki Sonobe
[Patent applicant]
[Identification Number] *
[Name] Masayuki Sonobe
[A display of a commission]
[prepaid ledger number] *
[Money paid frame] *
[TOC of a paper affair]
[Housing name] Specification 1
[Housing name] Figure Field 1
[Housing name] Abstract 1
[Document Name] Specification

[Title of the Invention] An information communication method which used a biopolymer as a communication medium or a record medium, an information record method, an encoder, and a decoder


[Claim(s)]
[Claim 1]
A transmitting person side subsystem (1) and An addressee side subsystem (2) Those with ,
A transmitting person side subsystem (1) It is alike and sets.
Step 1 It carries out. A transmit data input part (3) , Data to transmit (4) It inputs.
(or -- further -- an encryption means -- encryption -- performing)
(or -- further -- a redundant-ized means -- redundant-izing -- performing)
Step 2 It carries out. An encoder (5) , Data to transmit (4) ,
a "low molecule" which constitutes a macromolecule to compound -- " Array information or joint format information (6) "
It is alike and changes.
(or -- further -- a macromolecule array conversion means -- macromolecule array conversion -- performing)
Step 3 It carries out. Synthetic equipment (7) and a "low molecule" are contained -- " Material of a biopolymer (8) " -- it is made materials and has this array or this joint format A synthetic macromolecule (9) It compounds.
Step 4 It carries out and is 該. A synthetic macromolecule (9) as it is -- or -- " A living thing, a cell, or a biopolymer (10) " -- as a part -- incorporating -- a direct or environmental course An addressee side subsystem (2) It is alike and passes.
Further An addressee side subsystem (2) It is alike and sets.
Step 5 It carries out. A synthetic macromolecule (9) A living thing, a cell, or a biopolymer (10) It is 該, when it is alike and is incorporated. A synthetic macromolecule (9) Extraction,
Any にしても
Step 6 It carries out. Array reading equipment (11) , set 該 A synthetic macromolecule (9) analysis -- carrying out -- " Decoded array/joint format information (12) " -- outputting
(or -- further -- a macromolecule array inverse transformation means -- macromolecule array inverse transformation processing -- performing)
Step 7 It carries out. A decoder (13) and 該 -- " Array information or joint format information (6) " -- analyzing Received data (14) It generates.
(or -- further -- a redundant-ized inverse transformation means -- redundant-ized inverse transformation processing -- performing)
(or -- further -- a decryption means -- a decryption -- performing)
A received-data output part (15) A shell output is carried out.
An information communication method characterized by things.

[Claim 2]
A writing side subsystem (1a) and A read-out side subsystem (2a) Those with ,
A writing side subsystem (1a) It is alike and sets.
Step 1 It carries out. A data input part (3a) , Data to write in (4a) It inputs.
(or -- further -- an encryption means -- encryption -- performing)
(or -- further -- a redundant-ized means -- redundant-izing -- performing)
Step 2 It carries out. An encoder (5) , Data to write in (4a) ,
a "low molecule" which constitutes a macromolecule to compound -- " Array information or joint format information (6) "
It is alike and changes.
(or -- further -- a macromolecule array conversion means -- macromolecule array conversion -- performing)
Step 3 It carries out. Synthetic equipment (7) and a "low molecule" are contained -- " Material of a biopolymer (8) " -- it is made materials and has this array or this joint format A synthetic macromolecule (9) It compounds.
Step 4 It carries out and is 該. A synthetic macromolecule (9) as it is -- or -- " A living thing, a cell, or a biopolymer (10) " -- as a part -- incorporating -- a direct or environmental course A read-out side subsystem (2a) It is alike and passes.
Further A read-out side subsystem (2a) It is alike and sets.
Step 5 It carries out. A synthetic macromolecule (9) A living thing, a cell, or a biopolymer (10) It is 該, when it is alike and is incorporated. A synthetic macromolecule (9) Extraction,
In the case of any
Step 6 It carries out. Array reading equipment (11) , set 該 A synthetic macromolecule (9) analysis -- carrying out -- " Decoded array/joint format information (12) " -- outputting
(or -- further -- a macromolecule array inverse transformation means -- macromolecule array inverse transformation processing -- performing)
Step 7 It carries out. A decoder (13) and 該 -- " Array information or joint format information (6) " -- analyzing Read-out data (14a) It generates.
(or -- further -- a redundant-ized inverse transformation means -- redundant-ized inverse transformation processing -- performing)
(or -- further -- a decryption means -- a decryption -- performing)
A data output part (15a) A shell output is carried out.
An information record method characterized by things.

[Claim 3]
The above A synthetic macromolecule (9) It is "protein or a polypeptide (polipeptide)."
The above "a low molecule" is amino acid (amino acid).
the above -- " Array information or joint format information (6) " -- an amino acid array (amino acid sequence) -- it is
The above Synthetic equipment (7) They are peptide composition equipment, a peptide synthesizer, or protein composition equipment.
The above Array reading equipment (11) They are a peptide sequencer, a protein sequencer, or an amino acid analysis apparatus.
It is characterized by things.
A claim 1 alike -- an information communication method of a publication -- or
A claim 2 It is alike and is the information record method of a publication.

[Claim 4]
The above A synthetic macromolecule (9) It is "DNA, RNA, or a polynucleotide (polinucleotide)."
The above "a low molecule" is a nucleotide (nucleotide).
the above -- " Array information or joint format information (6) " -- a base sequence (base sequence or nucleotide sequence) -- it is
The above Synthetic equipment (7) They are DNA composition equipment, a DNA synthesizer, or nucleic-acid composition equipment.
The above Array reading equipment (11) They are a DNA sequencer, a nucleic-acid sequencer, or a nucleic-acid analysis apparatus.
It is characterized by things.
A claim 1 alike -- an information communication method of a publication -- or
A claim 2 It is alike and is the information record method of a publication.

[Claim 5]
A claim 1 alike -- an information communication method of a publication -- or A claim 2 It is alike and sets to an information record method of a publication.
The above An encoder (5) は,
A value of 0-3 which divided 2 bits of data to transmit at a time and which consists each of 2 bits is matched with four kinds of bases of "t, c, a, g", or "u, c, a, g."
or
A value of 0-(by decimal digit expression) 15 which consist each of 4 bits which divided 4 bits of data to transmit at a time is matched with 16 kinds of amino acid of 20 kinds of inside of "A, C, D, E, F, G, H, I, K, L, M, N, P, Q, R, S, T, V, W, Y."
or
Each 0 to 19 value which becomes the "number" of each spar is matched with 20 kinds of amino acid of "A, C, D, E, F, G, H, I, K, L, M, N, P, Q, R, S, T, V, W, Y" by considering that each fixed division result divided length every is the number of 20 進 of a fixed number of digits for data to transmit and to transmit (by decimal digit expression).
An information communication method or an information record method characterized by things.

[Claim 6]
A claim 1 alike -- an information communication method of a publication -- or A claim 2 In order are alike and to enforce an information record method of a publication,
Data to transmit (4) A biopolymer Synthetic equipment (7) It passes. Array information or joint format information (6) It is alike and changes. An encoder (5) .

[Claim 7]
A claim 1 alike -- an information communication method of a publication -- or A claim 2 In order are alike and to enforce an information record method of a publication,
Array reading equipment (11) 読み取った該 Array information or joint format information (6) It analyzes. Received data (14) It outputs. A decoder (13) .

[Claim 8]
A computer
A claim 1 alike -- an information communication method of a publication -- or A claim 2 It is alike and an information record method of a publication is enforced.
A program of a sake was recorded.
It is the medium in which computer reading is possible.
This program,
Data to transmit (4) A biopolymer Synthetic equipment (7) It passes. Array information or joint format information (6) It is made for it to be alike and to change.
A record medium which recorded an encoder program characterized by things.

[Claim 9]
It is the information-transmission medium used by information processing system.
A claim 1 alike -- an information communication method of a publication -- or A claim 2 In order are alike and to enforce an information record method of a publication,
Data to transmit (4) A biopolymer Synthetic equipment (7) It passes. Array information or joint format information (6) An encoder program boiled and transformed is transmitted.
An information-transmission medium characterized by things.

[Claim 10]
A computer
A claim 1 alike -- an information communication method of a publication -- or A claim 2 It is alike and an information record method of a publication is enforced.
A program of a sake was recorded.
It is the medium in which computer reading is possible.
This program,
Array reading equipment (11) 読み取った該 Array information or joint format information (6) It is made to analyze. Received data (14) It is made to output.
A record medium which recorded a decoder program characterized by things.

[Claim 11]
It is the information-transmission medium used by information processing system.
A claim 1 alike -- an information communication method of a publication -- or A claim 2 In order are alike and to enforce an information record method of a publication,
Array reading equipment (11) 読み取った該 Array information or joint format information (6) It is made to analyze. Received data (14) A decoder program made to output is transmitted.
An information-transmission medium characterized by things.

[Claim 12]
A claim 1 alike -- an information communication method of a publication -- or A claim 2 It is alike and is the information record method of a publication.
Data were recorded as be alike.
A living thing, a cell, a biopolymer, or a synthetic macromolecule characterized by things.




[Detailed Description of the Invention]
[0001]
[The technical field to which invention belongs]
[0002]
This invention relates to the information record method which used the biopolymer as the communication medium or the record medium, the information communication method, an encoder, and a decoder.

[0003]
[Description of the Prior Art]
First, it checks that there is the second page, "conveyance" and "record", in communication.
[0004]
If it is called "communication" now, the electrical communication which uses current or an electromagnetic wave for a receiver from a transmitter machine, and can transmit data to real time will come into its mind immediately.
[0005]
To be sure, telecommunication and optical communication were able to carry out the short shell of the "conveyance" time remarkably by having changed the communication medium into electricity and light.
[0006]
However, if an exception like a signal fire (signal fire) is removed, an addressee cannot necessarily be received to a transmitting person's air time.
[0007]
In order to bury the time difference of transmission and reception, "record" medium of a required thing for writing in information and reading later is clear.
[0008]
For example, after a telegram is transmitted between post offices, it is printed by paper.
[0009]
It is usually recorded on a magnetic disk or an IC memory until an addressee also reads an E-mail.
[0010]
Even television of the mass media is recorded on videotape or a hard disk from videotape recording before broadcast.
[0011]
Thus, a record system is important for communication with a conveyance system.
[0012]
Recently, the communication which electronizes a conveyance system developed greatly and the E-mail using a cellular phone and a personal computer spread very much.
[0013]
In the communication which conveys record media, such as paper, physically on the other hand without electronizing a conveyance system, mail is still used widely.
[0014]
and this field also electronize from a transmitting person's input to conveyance, and "eye the hybrid - る (postal-services agency service name)" which are printed and delivered on paper at a post office are put in practical use.
bibliography -- "-- postal-services agency: -- eye a hybrid - る" http://www1.hybridmail.go.jp/cgi-bin/a50709101d.cgi .
[0015]
It is also expected that door-to-door conveyance by public automatic carrier system (CATS) appears, and physical conveyance accelerates further in the future (patent publication 2000-357194 "public automatic carrier system" (inventor = Masayuki Sonobe).).
bibliography -- "-- Sonobe positive happy: -- public automatic carrier system CATS" used as the new base of the 21st century information society http://sonobe.s5.xrea.com/invention/cats/shibuya_paper/index.html
It reaches.
"Sonobe Masayuki: CATS patent application 1" http://sonobe.s5.xrea.com/invention/cats/catspat2000_1/index.html .
[0016]
As mentioned above, it checked that there was the second page, conveyance and record, in communication.

[0017]
Since there is the second page, conveyance and record, in communication, improvement of the communication method understands that not only improvement of the above conveyance systems but improvement of a record system is required.
[0018]
the present invention improves a record system.
[0019]
When it is necessary to deliver data to oneself not with instancy but with time difference, it will communicate using an information record medium. [ the man of the future, or ] [ of the future ]
[0020]
Although it is stabilized rather than printed matter and the compact disk (CD), the magneto-optic disk (MO), and the digital videodisc (DVD) are often used as a high-density information record medium now, in addition to this, it exists variously.
[0021]
For example, even if R/W makes DVD the specification made possible, a large number, such as DVD-R, DVD-RW, DVD+R, DVD+RW, and DVD-RAM, stand close together.
(Bibliography "announce an @nifty:DVD+RW alliance high-speed DVD record specification")
http://newsflash.nifty.com/news/td/new/2002081906.htm .
[0022]
Each survival becomes difficult because there is much specification.
[0023]
Moreover, hundreds of years and the thing currently advertized have a medium life in such a record medium, and there is also voice of the question whether it is so much durable truly.
bibliography -- "-- Umehara 敦: -- the direction of the electrography medium centering on a future image is explored -- "
http://www.ndf.co.jp/whatsnew/tips2/tips2.html .
[0024]
And since the technical progress which improves recording density is early, the specification which took the major company also becomes outdated every year, and will be replaced with the specification which appears newly.
[0025]
The above is a general view of known technology.

[0026]
[Problem(s) to be Solved by the Invention]
In the communication which may require long time, or the super-長時間 communication which requires long time
In the first place, the instability of the specification about information communication and information record becomes a problem.
[0027]
For example, those who are going to begin their diary in a descendant's generation and are going to tell him information on a work, such as a photograph, an image, and a program, are expected to increase from now on.
[0028]
However, it is doubtful over what ten years, what 100 years, and thousands of years it is used by the specification of CD, MO, and DVD which are used now, being stabilized.
[0029]
There is also no guarantee which the company and the organization which maintains the present specification continue.
[0030]
Therefore, the situation where the information on the design specification of equipment also dissipates for the equipment which the equipment which reads a record medium stops existing through years, and reads a record medium to also be reproduced, and it cannot manufacture is expected.

[0031]
There is [ second ] a problem also in the physical and chemical instability of a medium.
[0032]
If years pass, as for the record medium of an inanimate object, it is common to degradation, deformation, denature or information disappear automatically.
[0033]
for this reason -- for example, in the case of the magnetic tape, the work which rereads information every several years and is rewritten to another medium is needed
[0034]
Coexistence is difficult for a material strong against secular change, and an "environment-friendly" material which returns automatically through years.
[0035]
Also when conveying a record medium by space, in order to be directly exposed to the strong cosmic rays which are not poured on the earth, a medium will deteriorate.
[0036]
Preparing for dissipation, a forfeiture, or degradation, and carrying out by repeating a copy over a long period of time, although there is also a way what part also creates the copy of a medium, and keeps and passes it has supply of a medium and a complicated practicing of copy work.

[0037]
If what transmits information by the standard specification via the Internet is done even when communicating [ third ] for a short time, since a medium and a communication mode will be what has spread widely, a third person will monitor and decode comparatively easily.

[0038]
The purpose of this invention is offering the information communication method and the information record method of having conquered three items of problem of the instability of a specification which was expressed above, degradation of a medium, and the danger of interception, and having excelled in stability more, an encoder, and a decoder.
[0039]
The term, base sign, and amino acid sign on the biology in this specification are based on the following reference. :
Benjamin Lewin: Genes VI, Oxford University Press and Cell Press (1977)
= [Japanese translation] Kikuchi 韶彦ら訳: Gene The 6th edition, Tokyo Kagaku Dojin Co., Ltd. (1999).

[0040]
[Means for Solving the Problem]
This invention is characterized [ main ] by reputting data on an array of a biopolymer and/, or a joint format, and recording them on it in order to realize communication and record excellent in stability.

[0041]
A small, big molecule, i.e., macromolecule, contained in a cell of a living thing, molecule, i.e., a low molecule, is connected.
In a biopolymer
(a) DNA which consists of four kinds of nucleotides of "t, c, a, g", or "u, c, a, g", RNA, or a polynucleotide,
(b) Protein or a polypeptide which consists of 20 kinds of amino acid of "A, C, D, E, F, G, H, I, K, L, M, N, P, Q, R, S, T, V, W, Y",
(c) (a high living thing -- nine kinds of Man, Glc, Gal, Xyl, GlcA, GlcNAc, GalNAc, and "Fuc, SA") a polysaccharide or an oligosaccharide which consists of a monosaccharide
(d) A lipid which consists of a fatty acid
ある.
(Others [ child / of an oligosaccharide / bibliography "Shoji truth ]: Special edition : the third life chain oligosaccharide and post-genome analysis") http://www.nistep.go.jp/achiev/ftx/jpn/stfc/stt010j/feature2.html
"-- Narimatsu 久: -- how an oligosaccharide is compounded within a cell -- "
http://www.aist.go.jp/aist_j/aistinfo/aist_today/vol01_05/vol01_5_p18_24.pdf
[0042]
A living thing has adopted extremely a code (code) which uses such a low molecule as an element for a long period of time, and it is had a feeling that it is not what will change automatically in about thousands of years from now on.

[0043]
A method of giving array information, and compounding and decoding a biopolymer is already learned, and an automatic gear is marketed, respectively.
[0044]
For example
(a) About composition of DNA, it is an embodiment patent application common [ 4-65839 ] "automatic composition equipments, such as DNA," (applicant = Shimadzu), and compound DNA automatically by the ホスホトリ ester method.
[0045]
(b) About decode of DNA, it is patent No. 2559621 "DNA pattern reading equipment and a DNA pattern reading method" (applicant = Hitachi Software Engineering), and read a sign of "A, C, G, T" in DNA.
[0046]
(c) About composition of a polypeptide, it is patent application common [ 4-69640 ] "automation polypeptide composition equipment" (applicant = アプライド biotechnology systems incorporated), and a receipt activates one kind of protected amino acid at a time, and make a polypeptide arranged in order of a request.
[0047]
(d) About decode of a polypeptide, it is patent publication common [ 08-304375 ] "proteinic amino acid array determination equipment" (applicant = Shimadzu), and determine an amino acid array of protein or a polypeptide from data obtained by the Edman method.
[0048]
As mentioned above, an interconversion of an array and a biopolymer is already possible.

[0049]
In this invention, it makes it possible to use a biopolymer as an information communication medium or an information record medium by newly creating an encoder which cconverts arbitrary data with a code of a macromolecule, and a decoder restored to the original data from a code of a macromolecule.

[0050]
[Embodiment of the Invention]
Fig. 1 は, Claim 1 The composition block of an embodiment 1 which is alike and corresponds Figure It comes out.




(click to open the diagram in another window)


[0051]
Hitoshi Figure The block which shows the principle composition of the information communication method which used は and the biopolymer as the communication medium Figure It comes out.
[0052]
Following, Fig. 1 Composition is explained.
[0053]
Fig. 1 it is alike, it sets and a transmitting person uses a whole system Transmitting person side subsystem 1 an addressee uses Addressee side subsystem 2 It is by 含ん.
Between two subsystems, it is as an information communication medium. The synthetic macromolecule 9 or The synthetic macromolecule 9 it connotes -- " A living thing, a cell, or a biopolymer 10 " -- it is
[0054]
Transmitting person side subsystem 1 and Addressee side subsystem 2 vomiting -- わめて -- the symmetrical internal structure is carried out
[0055]
A man or an information system, and data are exchanged. Transmit data input part 3 and Received-data output part 15 それぞれある.
[0056]
Data 4 to transmit a macromolecule -- " Array information or joint format information 6 " -- it changes Encoder 5 and 、 -- " Decoded array/joint format information 12 " -- inverse transformation is carried out Decoder 13 それぞれある.
[0057]
Synthetic equipment 7 and Array reading equipment 11 それぞれある.
[0058]
Synthetic equipment 7 being alike Material 8 of a biopolymer It is supplied from 容器.
[0059]
as mentioned above Fig. 1 Composition was explained.

[0060]
Fig. 2 は, Claim 2 The composition block of an embodiment 2 which is alike and corresponds Figure It comes out.




(click to open the diagram in another window)


[0061]
Hitoshi Figure The block which shows the principle composition of the information record method which used は and the biopolymer as the record medium Figure It comes out.
[0062]
Fig. 2 は目的 Fig. 1 It is composition although it differs a little. Fig. 1 It is similar.
The component which corresponds although it is not the same attaches and shows "a" to the tail of a sign.
[0063]
Following, Fig. 2 Composition is explained.
[0064]
Fig. 2 It is alike, it sets and is a whole system. Writing side subsystem 1a and Read-out side subsystem 2a It is by 含ん.
Between two subsystems, it is as an information record medium. The synthetic macromolecule 9 or The synthetic macromolecule 9 it connotes -- " A living thing, a cell, or a biopolymer 10 " -- it is
[0065]
Writing side subsystem 1a and Read-out side subsystem 2a vomiting -- わめて -- the symmetrical internal structure is carried out
[0066]
A man or an information system, and data are exchanged. Data input part 3a and Data output part 15a それぞれある.
[0067]
Data 4a to write in a macromolecule -- " Array information or joint format information 6 " -- it changes Encoder 5 and 、 -- " Decoded array/joint format information 12 " -- inverse transformation is carried out Decoder 13 それぞれある.
[0068]
Synthetic equipment 7 and Array reading equipment 11 それぞれある.
[0069]
Synthetic equipment 7 being alike Material 8 of a biopolymer It is supplied from 容器.
[0070]
as mentioned above Fig. 2 Composition was explained.

[0071]
To the following Claim 1 It is alike, a corresponding function of an embodiment 1 is explained in order, and the organic relation between components is shown.
[0072]
First half, Transmitting person side subsystem 1 It is the function which can be boiled and set.
[0073]
Step 1 It carries out. Transmit data input part 3 , Data 4 to transmit It inputs from a man or an information system.
[0074]
Transmit data input part 3 The example of の contains a keyboard, a receiving system, an audio input unit, a picture input unit, an A/D converter, the transfer from an application program, or the reading equipment from another record medium.
[0075]
Step 1 It is alike and continues. Figure A "data compression means" not to be alike is 該. Data 4 to transmit You may compress into the small number of bits.
[0076]
Step 1 It is alike and continues. Figure The key which the man or the information system inputted in order that an "encryption means" not to be alike might prevent the interception and decode by the third person who does not know a key is used, and it is 該. Data 4 to transmit You may encipher.
[0077]
Step 1 It is alike and continues. Figure It is 該 so that a "redundant-ized means" not to be alike can detect or correct the error of the data in communication or record. Data 4 to transmit You may redundancy-ize.
[0078]
As the example of redundant-izing
(a) Parity or error correcting code (Error Correcting Code, ECC) You may give.
Moreover, RAID (Redundant Arrays of Inexpensive Disks) technology may be applied, and parity may be made to form between the information covering a plurality of media, i.e., synthetic macromolecule.
(Bibliography "incorporated company BIOS of RAID: RAID ?") http://www.bios.co.jp/TechInfo/TechInfo_1.htm
[0079]
(b) You may attach the bit string called the preamble (preamble) for taking a synchronization at the time of read-out.
[0080]
(c) In order to detect the omission of a block, duplication, or substitution of sequence, you may shake the block sequence number.
[0081]
(d) You may attach the length of a block in a regular form.
[0082]
(e) You may treat a bigger lump's than a block unit still like a block.
[0083]
(f) In order to improve readability, you may attach locations, such as a new-line, a carriage return, a tab, a null, the quotation mark, or the BITE unit from a head. These checks are useful to detection of an error.
[0084]
(g) You may give the encoded time to portions, such as the whole data or a block. The check of time is useful to detection of an error.
[0085]
Each of these causes redundant-ization.
[0086]
Step 2 It carries out. Encoder 5 , Data 4 to transmit the "low molecule" which constitutes the macromolecule to compound -- " Array information or joint format information 6 " -- it changes
[0087]
Array information or joint format information 6 は,
It is a base sequence when a synthetic macromolecule is a nucleic-acid system.
When a synthetic macromolecule is a peptide system, it is an amino acid array.
When a synthetic macromolecule is a polysaccharide system, they are a monosaccharide array and joint format information.
[0088]
Step 2 It is alike and continues. Figure It is 該, in order that a "macromolecule array conversion means" not to be alike may add a biological function, or in order to add stability. Array information or joint format information 6 You may perform conversion which is alike and adds substitution or insertion.
[0089]
There are the following as an example of macromolecule array conversion. :
(a) Avoid the array which is easy to vary by mutation, reproduction, or amplification, and change into other codes,
(b) Avoid an array with a meaning, like a specific function arises with living bodies, such as a telomere array, and change into other codes,
(c) Add gene head arrays, such as a promoter array,
(d) Avoid gene head arrays, such as a promoter array, and change into other codes,
(e) Add gene end arrays, such as a translation end and poly (A),
(f) Avoid gene end arrays, such as a translation end and poly (A), and change into other codes,
(g) It is it teaching a meaning's not changing in many cases like [ in the base (codon) of three characters of a living thing ] the example all of cgu, and whose cgc, cga and cgg are arginines', even if the last one character's varies, encoding transmit data at the head of [ of only two characters ] the codon of three characters, and making it the last value with one redundant character.
(h) In order to make biochemistry-detection easy, attach an indicator code.
[0090]
Step 3 It carries out. Synthetic equipment 7 and the "low molecule" are contained -- " Material 8 of a biopolymer " -- it is made materials and has this array or this joint format The synthetic macromolecule 9 It compounds.
[0091]
Synthetic equipment 7 は,
When a synthetic macromolecule is a peptide system, they are peptide composition equipment, a peptide synthesizer, or protein composition equipment.
When a synthetic macromolecule is a nucleic-acid system, they are DNA composition equipment, a DNA synthesizer, or nucleic-acid composition equipment.
[0092]
It is a pan although there is already commercial equipment, respectively. Encoder 5 An efficiency improves by making online connection.
[0093]
Step 4 It carries out and is 該. The synthetic macromolecule 9 an addressee uses as it is Addressee side subsystem 2 Or [ it being alike and passing ],
Or 該 The synthetic macromolecule 9 " A living thing, a cell, or a biopolymer 10 Since it incorporates as a part which is " Addressee side subsystem 2 It is alike and passes.
[0094]
How to pass may also have a direct and environmental course.
[0095]
Here, there is much known technology which includes a macromolecule in a living thing, a cell, or other macromolecules, and big development continues to be expected. :
[0096]
(a) After compounding DNA of a single chain, the double chain DNA can be stabilized by carrying out a base by combining a complementary target.
[0097]
(b) After compounding RNA, it is convertible for DNA which consists of a phase assistant base.
[0098]
(c) DNA can be compounded and it can include in annular DNA.
[0099]
(d) If it varies by including information in a part of code of a gene required for healthy life maintenance or healthy reproduction so that the function of this gene may not be spoiled so that it may be [ evolution and ] hard to be influenced of variation, the strategy of making it an individual serve as fatality will also be considered.
[0100]
These biopolymers can carry out frozen preservation, without hardly spoiling quality.
[0101]
a body [ including these biopolymers in a living thing, a cell, DNA and RNA, or a gene, and employing a living thing efficiently ] -- or it can freeze, or can enclose with resin, 琥珀 (fossil of amber = resin), plastic, glass, and other substances, and can save in the stable environment
[0102]
It is [ a field which can save the time and effort of medium preservation unlike a known communication medium or a record medium ] and is advantageous that the living thing incorporating a macromolecule is autonomously useful with a life and a race being saved.
[0103]
By making a biopolymer amplify, breeding a living thing, making a clone living thing, or making a DNA recombination living thing produce protein, an informational copy can be increased and communicative certainty can be raised.
[0104]

Second half, Addressee side subsystem 2 It is the function which can be boiled and set.
[0105]
An addressee is 該. A living thing, a cell, or a biopolymer 10 It receives.
[0106]
An addressee may be the transmitting person itself.
[0107]
An addressee is 該. A living thing, a cell, or a biopolymer 10 It is 該 before receiving. The synthetic macromolecule 9 when the biopolymer as an information media put in and changes, including the same or almost same information since the biological conversion between 生体高分子 was received, an addressee receives the living thing, cell, or biopolymer after change, and it is indicated henceforth -- " The synthetic macromolecule 9 It treats as ".
[0108]
For example, the information embedded at DNA may change by intersection of the chromosome which starts in the case of reproduction.
[0109]
Moreover, mutation may happen under the influence of the error accompanying the duplicate of a chromosome, radiation, and a chemical substance.
[0110]
Change of such information is processed at the time of decode.
[0111]
When it has a possibility that information spread for many macromolecules, cells, or living things, and each varied especially, transmit data is presumed by comparing the information acquired from a plurality of samples.
[0112]
For example, what is necessary is to take out and connect an intersection and just to reconfigurate it from those samples, when many samples include variation.
[0113]
In order to make the above-mentioned reconstruction easy, addition of blocking stated by redundant-ization and the block sequence number is effective.
[0114]
It is because it can compare with accuracy to the bit position of variation by cutting the information on the sample of decoded a large number to a block, and comparing the match of a block number.
[0115]
Moreover, if error detection codes, such as parity, are attached to each block, the block with variation can be judged and thrown away.
[0116]
Step 5 It carries out. The synthetic macromolecule 9 A living thing, a cell, or a biopolymer 10 It is 該, when it is alike and is incorporated. The synthetic macromolecule 9 It takes out picking.
[0117]
In the case of any Step 6 It carries out. Array reading equipment 11 , set 該 The synthetic macromolecule 9 analysis -- carrying out -- a component -- " Decoded array/joint format information 12 " -- it outputs
[0118]
Array reading equipment 11 は,
When a synthetic macromolecule is a peptide system, they are a peptide sequencer, a protein sequencer, or an amino acid analysis apparatus.
When a synthetic macromolecule is a nucleic-acid system, they are a DNA sequencer, a nucleic-acid sequencer, or a nucleic-acid analysis apparatus.
[0119]
It is a pan although there is already commercial equipment, respectively. Decoder 13 An efficiency improves by making online connection.
[0120]
When macromolecule array conversion is performed at the time of transmission Step 6 It is alike and continues. Figure a "macromolecule array inverse transformation means" not to be alike -- 該 -- " Array information or joint format information 6 Macromolecule array inverse transformation processing in which the substitution or insertion performed from " in order to add a biological function, or in order to add stability is returned is performed.
[0121]
Step 7 It carries out. Decoder 13 , 該 Array information or joint format information 6 Analyze. Received data 14 It generates. Received-data output part 15 A shell output is carried out.
[0122]
When redundant-ization is performed at the time of transmission, Step 7 It is alike and continues. Figure A "redundant-ized decryption means" not to be alike uses a key, and is 該. Received data 14 a shell -- redundant-ized inverse transformation processing which detects an error, or corrects an error, removing excessive data, and is returned to the original data is performed
[0123]
When encryption is performed at the time of transmission, Step 7 It is alike and continues. Figure A "decryption means" not to be alike uses a key, and is 該. Received data 14 The decryption returned to the original data is performed.
[0124]
When data compression is performed at the time of transmission, Step 7 It is alike and continues. Figure A "data extension means" not to be alike is 該. Received data 14 Data extension returned to the original data is performed.
[0125]
Received-data output part 15 The example of の is the transfer to display, a printer, a sending set, an audio output device, a D/A converter, and an application program, or write-in equipment to another record medium.
[0126]
As mentioned above, the function of an embodiment 1 was explained in order and the organic relation between components was shown.

[0127]
To a degree Claim 2 It is alike and touches about a corresponding function of an embodiment 2.
[0128]
As for an embodiment 2, an embodiment 1 and composition correspond symmetrically.
[0129]
Then, what has "a" in the tail of each sign of an embodiment 2 can understand a function of an embodiment 2 based on a function of the above-mentioned embodiment 1 by taking and reading.

[0130]
When the present invention is carried out using a polypeptide,
Above The synthetic macromolecule 9 It is "protein or a polypeptide (polipeptide)."
The above "a low molecule" is amino acid (amino acid), such as a glutamine (Glutamine, Sign G).
the above -- " Array information or joint format information 6 " -- an amino acid array (amino acid sequence) -- it is
Above Synthetic equipment 7 They are peptide composition equipment, a peptide synthesizer, or protein composition equipment.
Above Array reading equipment 11 They are a peptide sequencer, a protein sequencer, or an amino acid analysis apparatus. Claim 3 .
[0131]
Moreover, when the present invention is carried out using a nucleic acid,
Above The synthetic macromolecule 9 It is "DNA, RNA, or a polynucleotide (polinucleotide)."
The above "a low molecule" is nucleotides (nucleotide), such as an adenine (adenine, Sign a).
the above -- " Array information or joint format information 6 " -- the base sequence (base sequence or nucleotide sequence) of a nucleotide -- it is
Above Synthetic equipment 7 They are DNA composition equipment, a DNA synthesizer, or nucleic-acid composition equipment.
Above Array reading equipment 11 They are a DNA sequencer, a nucleic-acid sequencer, or a nucleic-acid analysis apparatus. Claim 4 .

[0132]
Above Encoder 5 は,
The value of 0-3 which divided 2 bits of data to transmit at a time and which consists each of 2 bits can be matched with four kinds of bases of "t, c, a, g", or "u, c, a, g."
moreover Encoder 5 The value of 0-(by decimal digit expression) 15 which consist each of 4 bits which divided at a time 4 bits of data は(ed) and transmitted can be matched with 16 kinds of amino acid of 20 kinds of inside of "A, C, D, E, F, G, H, I, K, L, M, N, P, Q, R, S, T, V, W, Y."
On the other hand Encoder 5 "Each 0 (by decimal digit expression) to 19 value which becomes the "number" of each spar by considering that each fixed division result divided length every is the number of 20 進 of a fixed number of digits for the data which are は(ed) and transmitted, and to transmit A, It can also match with 20 kinds of amino acid of C, D, E, F, G, H, I, K, L, M, N, P, Q, R, S, T, V, W, and Y." Claim 5 .
[0133]
The data to transmit are divided into every [ a triplet / 1 bit, 2 bits, or ], and although it can also match only with two kinds, four kinds, and eight kinds, respectively, it is [ of the amino acid ] clearly more advantageous to match with the above-mentioned 4 bits on a record efficiency.
[0134]
Moreover, although it considers that the data to transmit are the number of 2 - 19 進, and inside [ it is amino acid ] can also be matched only with 2-19 kinds, respectively, on a record efficiency, the above-mentioned number of 20 進 is clearly more advantageous.

[0135]
Below, "the pseudo code (pseudo code)" which is the structurer notation which put in natural language describes the procedure of an encoder.
[0136]
Introductory-notes/A list is 0, 1, and 2. Day which can be specified and written in the subscript --
It is a タ structure.
The data in a list presuppose that it has ranked with the young order of a subscript from the left.
a variable name -- immediately after -- it is not -- ' -- {-- ' -- ' --} -- ' -- surrounding -- having had -- a portion -- processing -- the range -- it is -- and 明
示する .
[0137]
a. The main program of an encoder
a.0 Start
a.1 if conversion to a base sequence is performed -- {
Base sequence conversion routine (plain2bp) is performed.
}
a.2 if conversion in an amino acid array is performed -- {
. which performs amino acid array conversion routine (plain2aa)
}
a.3 Stop.
a.4 Description end
[0138]
b. Base sequence conversion routine (plain2bp)
b.0 Start
b.1 To list bin2bp ('a', 'g', 'c', 't') It sets.
namely, bin2 -- if it is bp [0] -- a value -- 'a' and bin2 -- if it is bp [3] -- a value -- 't'
. obtained
b.2 every one line from an input file -- inputting -- each line {
b.3 It decomposes the inside of a line into one character at a time, and set to List chars.
b.4 each character in List chars {
b.5 変数 bit76 -- this character and the AND of hexadecimal c0 -- taking -- a hexadecimal -- the value which 除(ed) by 40 -- ON
れる
In addition, a value is set to 0-3.
b.6 Put bin2bp[bit76] into a variable seq0.
in addition, the time of values being 'a' and 3, when bit76 is 0 -- 't' etc.
It becomes.
b.7 変数 bit54 -- this character and a hexadecimal -- the AND of 30 -- taking -- a hexadecimal -- the value which 除(ed) by 10 -- ON
れる
b.8 Put bin2bp[bit54] into a variable seq1.
b.9 変数 bit32 -- the AND of this character and hexadecimal 0c -- taking -- a hexadecimal -- the value which 除(ed) by 04 -- ON
れる
b.10 Put bin2bp[bit32] into a variable seq2.
b.11 変数 bit10 -- this character and a hexadecimal -- the AND of 03 -- taking -- a hexadecimal -- the value which 除(ed) by 01 -- ON
れる
In addition, there may be no 除さ 01.
b.12 Put bin2bp[bit10] into a variable seq3.
b.13 What arranged the variable seq0, the variable seq1, the variable seq2, and the variable seq3 in this sequence
It outputs.
In addition, an output is 'atcg' of four characters etc. to the 8-bit input of one character.
It becomes.
b.14 }
b.15 }
b.16 Return.
b.17 Description end
[0139]
c. Amino acid array conversion routine (plain2aa)
c.0 Start
c.1 To list bin2aa ('A', 'C', 'D', 'E', 'F', 'G', 'H', 'I', 'K', 'L')
'M', 'N', 'P', 'Q', 'R', and 'S', It sets.
namely, bin2 -- if it is aa [0] -- a value -- 'A' and bin2 -- if it is bp [15] -- a value -- 'S' -- profit
れる.
c.2 every one line from an input file -- inputting -- each line {
c.3 It decomposes the inside of a line into one character at a time, and set to List chars.
c.4 each character in List chars {
c.5 変数 bit7654 -- this character and the AND of hexadecimal f0 -- taking -- a hexadecimal -- the value which 除(ed) by 10
It puts in.
In addition, a value serves as 0 - a decimal 15.
c.6 Put bin2aa[bit7654] into a variable seq0.
In addition, a value is 'S', when bit7654 is 0 and it is 'A' and 15.
It becomes など.
c.7 変数 bit3210 -- this character and the AND of 0f of hexadecimals -- taking -- a hexadecimal -- the value which 除(ed) by 01
It puts in.
In addition, there may be no 除さ 01.
c.8 Put bin2aa[bit3210] into a variable seq1.
c.9 Output what arranged the variable seq0 and the variable seq1 in this sequence.
In addition, an output is 'AS' of two characters etc. to the 8-bit input of one character.
It becomes.
c.10 }
c.11 }
c.12 Return.
c.13 Description end
[0140]
As mentioned above, the procedure of an encoder was described.

[0141]
Below, pseudo code describes the procedure of a decoder.
[0142]
Introductory-notes/An association list is the data structure which can be searched with a key letter sequence.
[0143]
d. The main program of a decoder
d.0 Start
d.1 if conversion which inputs a base sequence is performed -- {
A base sequence inverse transformation routine (bp2plain) is performed.
}
d.2 if conversion which inputs an amino acid array is performed -- {
An amino acid array inverse transformation routine (aa2plain) is performed.
}
d.3 Stop.
d.4 Description end
[0144]
e. Base sequence inverse transformation routine (bp2plain)
e.0 Start
e.1 Set ('a', 0, 'g', 1, 'c', 2, 't', and 3) to association-list bp2bin.
It sets.
namely, bp2 -- if it is bin '{a}' -- a value 0 -- bp2 -- if it is bin '{t}' -- a value 3
得られる.
e.2 Input the whole sentence character of an input file.
e.3 It decomposes the inside of it into one character at a time, and set to List chars.
e.4 each character in List chars -- variable the_char -- setting -- {
e.5 The join which searched association-list bp2bin with the key for variable the_char to variable the_bin
果 is set.
(Namely, . from which the_bin serves as a value 3 if the_char is 't' for example)
e.6 Pass variable the_bin as an argument and a push_bit routine is performed.
e.7 }
e.8 Return.
e.9 Description end
[0145]
f. push_bit routine
f.0 Start
f.1 Add 1 to variable push_counter.
f.2 if the remainder which divided variable push_counter by 4 is 0 {
f.3 To Variable decimal
stack[0] x hexadecimal 40+stack[1] x hexadecimal 10+stack[2] x hexadecimal 04+the_bin
It sets.
f.4 Change Variable decimal into 1 byte of binary data with a sign (being with pack).
it obtains, carries out and outputs
f.5 Clear List stack.
f.6 } otherwise -- {
f.7 If the_bin received as an argument is added to the rightmost of a list
It is both one ず about the data element set by the list before that.
It shifts to つ左.
f.8 }
f.9 Return.
f.10 Description end
[0146]
g. Amino acid array inverse transformation routine (aa2plain)
g.0 Start
g.1 To association-list aa2bin
('A', 0, 'C', 1, 'D', 2, 'E', 3, 'F', 4,
'G', 5, 'H', 6, 'I', 7, 'K', 8, 'L', 9,
'M', 10, 'N', 11, 'P', 12, 'Q', 13, 'R', 14,
'S', 15)
It sets.
namely, aa2 -- if it is bin '{A}' -- a value 0 -- aa2 -- if it is bin '{S}' -- a value 15
. obtained
g.2 Input the whole sentence character of an input file.
g.3 It decomposes the inside of it into one character at a time, and set to List chars.
g.4 each character in List chars -- variable the_char -- setting -- {
g.5 The join which searched association-list aa2bin with the key for variable the_char to variable the_bin
果 is set.
For example [ that is, ], if the_char is 'S' the_bin the value decimal 15
る.
g.6 Pass variable the_bin as an argument and a push_bitB routine is performed.
g.7 }
g.8 Return.
g.9 Description end
[0147]
h. push_bitB routine
h.0 Start
h.1 Add 1 to variable push_counter.
h.2 if the remainder which divided variable push_counter by 2 is 0 {
h.3 To Variable decimal
stack[0] x hexadecimal 10+the_bin
It sets.
h.4 Change Variable decimal into 1 byte of binary data with a sign (being with pack).
obtaining -- It outputs by carrying out.
h.5 Clear List stack.
h.6 } otherwise -- {
h.7 If the_bin received as an argument is added to the rightmost of a list
It is both one ず about the data element set by the list before that.
It shifts to つ左.
h.8 }
h.9 Return.
h.10 Description end
[0148]
As mentioned above, the procedure of a decoder was described.

[0149]
Processing matched with the number of 20 進 below Claim 5 It is alike and a publication is explained.
[0150]
First, the decimal digit is expressing the number, i.e., data, in nine sorts of numbers of "0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9."
[0151]
The hexadecimal is expressing the number in 16 sorts of "extended numbers" of 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, and "A, B, C, D, E, F."
[0152]
The number of 20 進 can express a number like these using 20 sorts of "extended numbers."
[0153]
Suppose that it matches with the kind "A, C, D, E, F, G, H, I, K, L, M, N, P, Q, R, S, T, V, W, Y" of amino acid of an earth life now.
[0154]
then, the operation which 除 arbitrary data by 20 -- 20 進 table -- since it is convertible actually, it is convertible for an amino acid array
[0155]
On the contrary, an amino acid array can be returned to data by operation which considers that this is the number of 20 進, and multiplies by 20.
[0156]
Since it is the same as that of the processing of a hexadecimal currently performed widely, transform processing of the above-mentioned number of 20 進 and inverse transformation processing are not explained in full detail.
[0157]
Suppose that the data to transmit are now divided by 64 bits.
[0158]
If the formality which matches 4 bits with the amino acid of one character is adopted, 64 / 4= 16 amino acid will be needed.
[0159]
However, 264≒1.84x1019 Since it is smaller than 2015≒3.28x1019, if the formality matched with the "number" of the number of 20 進 is adopted, only 15 amino acid is needed for expressing 64 bits, but it will be fewer than a 4-bit formality one piece, and will end.
[0160]
For example, a 64-bit binary digit
0000000000 0000000000 0000000000 0000000000 0000000000 0000000000 0001
By は and the 4-bit formality
AAAAAAAAAA AAAAAC
Although it comes out, it is with the number formality of 20 進.
AAAAAAAAAA AAAAC
It becomes.
It is only that from which a null rescues reading comprehension nature in each data here.
[0161]
Thus, the length of a macromolecule can be made smaller although it becomes more complicated [ operation ] by all utilizing 20 kinds of amino acid.
[0162]
In the above, the processing matched with the number of 20 進 was explained.

[0163]
Here, two examples of processing are shown below.
[0164]
Fig. 3 It is the example 1 of processing of は, an encoder, and a decoder, and describes above. Encoder 5 and Decoder 13 The result in which it created and experimented is shown.




(click to open the diagram in another window)


[0165]
Fig. 3 In each data, a null is only what helps reading comprehension nature.
[0166]
Fig. 3 In each data, in order to help an understanding, two characters of "ll" (El El) of origin deform the portion shown by the slanted text how, or it pursues and displays a corresponding point.
[0167]
To an encoder Data 4 to transmit It carries out. Fig. 3 (a) の data were given.
[0168]
It is each which is three kinds, an ASCII-code character, a hexadecimal, and a binary digit, and expressed these data. (b) b [ (a) of Fig. 3, and ] Reach (c). It comes out.
[0169]
Encoder 5 If に該 data are inputted and base sequence information is made to output Fig. 3 (d) 得られた.
[0170]
Since this base sequence information consists of "t, c, a, g" Synthetic equipment 7 読み取る -- it is the form which can do things
[0171]
Synthetic equipment 7 DNA with the base sequence of こ etc. The synthetic macromolecule 9 Structure, 該 The synthetic macromolecule 9 Array reading equipment 11 読み取る, Decoded array/joint format information 12 Decoder 13 It is alike and crosses. It will be 該, if information is mistaken and it is transmitted that there is nothing. Decoded array/joint format information 12 は, Fig. 3 (d) It is the の塩基配列 itself.
[0172]
So, it is by experiment. Fig. 3 (d) Decoder 13 It was alike and inputted. The result, Fig. 3 (f) or (g) -- or (h) -- It is come out and expressed and is each. Fig. 3 (c), (b) (a), It was alike and in agreement.
[0173]
Therefore, information communication or information record is correctly performed by these experiment data.
[0174]
Although the upper explanation was the case of a base sequence, it experimented also by the amino acid array.
[0175]
(a) of Fig. 3, or (b) -- or (c) -- Data come out of and expressed Encoder 5 If it is alike, it inputs and amino acid array information is made to output Fig. 3 (e) 得られた.
[0176]
Since this amino acid array information consists of "A, C, D, E, F, G, H, I, K, L, M, N, P, Q, R, S, T, V, W, Y" Synthetic equipment 7 読み取る -- it is the form which can do things
[0177]
Synthetic equipment 7 A polypeptide with the アミノ array of こ etc. The synthetic macromolecule 9 Structure, 該 The synthetic macromolecule 9 Array reading equipment 11 読み取る, Decoded array/joint format information 12 Decoder 13 It is alike and crosses. It will be 該, if information is mistaken and it is transmitted that there is nothing. Decoded array/joint format information 12 は, Fig. 3 (d) It is the の amino acid array itself.
[0178]
So, it is by experiment. Fig. 3 (e) Decoder 13 It was alike and inputted. The result, Fig. 3 (f) or (g) -- or (h) -- It is come out and expressed and is each. Fig. 3 (c), (b) (a), It was alike and in agreement.
[0179]
Therefore, information communication or information record is correctly performed by these experiment data.

[0180]
Fig. 4 it is the example 2 of processing of は, an encoder, and a decoder, and the same as that of the example 1 of processing Encoder 5 and Decoder 13 The result in which it experimented using the data of 用い and Japanese is shown.




(click to open the diagram in another window)


[0181]
Fig. 4 In each data, a null is only what helps reading comprehension nature.
[0182]
Fig. 4 In each data, in order to help an understanding, the katakana of one character original "Si" deforms the portion shown by the slanted text how, or it pursues and displays a corresponding point.
[0183]
To an encoder Data 4 to transmit It carries out. Fig. 4 (a) の data were given.
[0184]
It is each which is three kinds, the EUC code character, a hexadecimal, and a binary digit, and expressed these data. (b) b [ (a) of Fig. 4, and ] Reach (c). It comes out.
[0185]
Encoder 5 If に該 data are inputted and base sequence information is made to output Fig. 4 (d) 得られた.
[0186]
Since this base sequence information consists of "t, c, a, g" Synthetic equipment 7 読み取る -- it is the form which can do things
[0187]
Synthetic equipment 7 DNA with the base sequence of こ etc. The synthetic macromolecule 9 Structure, 該 The synthetic macromolecule 9 Array reading equipment 11 読み取る, Decoded array/joint format information 12 Decoder 13 It is alike and crosses. It will be 該, if information is mistaken and it is transmitted that there is nothing. Decoded array/joint format information 12 は, Fig. 4 (d) It is the の塩基配列 itself.
[0188]
So, it is by experiment. Fig. 4 (d) Decoder 13 It was alike and inputted. The result, Fig. 4 (f) or (g) -- or (h) -- It is come out and expressed and is each. Fig. 4 (c), (b) (a), It was alike and in agreement.
[0189]
Therefore, information communication or information record is correctly performed by these experiment data.
[0190]
Although the upper explanation was the case of a base sequence, it experimented also by the amino acid array.
[0191]
(a) of Fig. 4, or (b) -- or (c) -- Data come out of and expressed Encoder 5 If it is alike, it inputs and amino acid array information is made to output Fig. 4 (e) 得られた.
[0192]
Since this amino acid array information consists of "A, C, D, E, F, G, H, I, K, L, M, N, P, Q, R, S, T, V, W, Y" Synthetic equipment 7 読み取る -- it is the form which can do things
[0193]
Synthetic equipment 7 A polypeptide with the amino acid array of こ etc. The synthetic macromolecule 9 Structure, 該 The synthetic macromolecule 9 Array reading equipment 11 読み取る, Decoded array/joint format information 12 Decoder 13 It is alike and crosses. It will be 該, if information is mistaken and it is transmitted that there is nothing. Decoded array/joint format information 12 は, Fig. 4 (d) It is the の amino acid array itself.
[0194]
So, it is by experiment. Fig. 4 (e) Decoder 13 It was alike and inputted. The result, Fig. 4 (f) or (g) -- or (h) -- It is come out and expressed and is each. Fig. 4 (c), (b) (a), It was alike and in agreement.
[0195]
Therefore, information communication or information record is correctly performed by these experiment data.
[0196]
As mentioned above, the example of processing was illustrated two times.

[0197]
the present invention is described above again. Encoder 5 A claim is carried out. Claim 6 .
[0198]
the present invention is described above again. Decoder 13 A claim is carried out. Claim 7 .
[0199]
the present invention is described above again. Encoder 5 The claim of the record medium which recorded the の program is carried out. Claim 8 .
[0200]
With a record medium, electric, magnetic, the record medium using an optical means or the access memory, and the macromolecule record medium by the present invention containing CD, MO, DVD, a hard disk, semiconductor memory, a semiconductor chip, and a magnetic tape are included here.
[0201]
the present invention is described above again. Encoder 5 The claim of the information-transmission medium which transmits a の program is carried out. Claim 9 .
[0202]
A network, a telephone, CATV, and broadcast are included with an information-transmission medium here.
[0203]
the present invention is described above again. Decoder 13 The claim of the record medium which recorded the の program is carried out. Claim 10 .
[0204]
the present invention is described above again. Decoder 13 The claim of the information-transmission medium which transmits a の program is carried out. Claim 11 .
[0205]
the present invention -- again
Claim 1 alike -- the information communication method of a publication -- or Claim 2 It is alike and is the information record method of a publication.
Data were recorded as be alike.
The claim of the living thing, the cell, the biopolymer, or the synthetic macromolecule characterized by things is carried out. Claim 12 .

[0206]
These living things, a cell, or example of the use of a biopolymer :
(a) Storing [ screen dump / a document, transaction data, multimedia data, a mass data base, a program, a script, a log, broadcast record or record of a Web document ],
(b) Record of experiment data, observation data, biotechnology data, or a simulation result,
(c) Strictly confidential communication,
(d) The indicator, the identification number, or experiment related information attached to living things, such as a transgenics living thing,
(e) Time capsule,
(f) Communication with an extraterrestrial life,
It comes out.
[0207]
Bibliography of extraterrestrial intellect :
"-- Maeno Masahiro: -- what a SETI plan is -- " http://homepage3.nifty.com/iromono/kougi/ningen/node35.html
"Investigate a kamiken:intellectual life object. -" http://www25.cds.ne.jp/~kamiken/projectg/project3/project3.html
SETI@home http://setiathome.ssl.berkeley.edu/
[0208]
As an example used for preservation of biotechnology data, one present person's man's genome information is inputted into this system, and it is possible to incorporate and save at DNA or RNA with the features, such as shelf life and decode ease, of another living thing.

[0209]
To the addressee which does not have the knowledge of the natural language which has described the transmit data, programming language, or structured data although sent in the embodiment, without adding other information to transmit data sake
Syntax information, dictionary information, meta-information, font information, pronunciation information, a document type definition, or a related document
You may attach.
In this case, an addressee assembles linguistic knowledge based on attachment information, and understands received data.
[0210]
Since it is easy to understand background knowledge at least, he feels easy comparatively and can send image information and music information.

[0211]
Although the combination of a macromolecule almost common to an earth life and a low molecule was used in the embodiment, as long as it is chemically stable, you may adopt the macromolecule which is not common to an earth life, or a low molecule.

[0212]
Being improved also as disadvantageous on a performance in the near future is expected in that now composition and array reading are late in the technology of the present invention.
[0213]
Although decode of the beginning of a human genome took several years Array reading equipment 11 の速度 has accelerated every year.
It is expected that decode time is soon shortened per a moon unit or week.

[0214]
Present, Synthetic equipment 7 There is also a problem that the length of the macromolecule which can 合成 is short.
[0215]
This point will be gradually solved by progress of synthetic technology, and can record long data gradually.
[0216]
Moreover, as for the chain of one macromolecule compoundable now, it is satisfactory to compound many macromolecules as it is short.
[0217]
Then, ranging over many macromolecules, data are recordable on a plurality of DVDs the same with writing in data.
[0218]
If the sequence number is shaken at each macromolecule or block, it is easy for an addressee to collect the macromolecules of these large number, and to reconfigurate data.

[Effect of the Invention]
In the first place, the architecture of the macromolecule of a living thing is the specification by which nature was stabilized, and it can expect not changing hundreds of years and thousands of years after.
[0219]
Since a living thing has [ second ] the capacity survived in itself, it is easy to avoid the problem of degradation of a medium.
[0220]
According to the present invention, although the cost which supplies another medium and copies information starts when a medium deteriorates early, a macromolecule is frozen, or it is employing a living thing efficiently and information is saved.
[0221]
Since the component part which can carry out [ third ] neither acquisition nor manufacture to the network user [ ordinarily ] easily like array reading equipment to interception is adopted, it can be said that it is tough.

[0222]
As explained above, this invention conquers three items of problem of the instability of a specification, degradation of a medium, and the danger of interception, and can offer the communication method and the record method of having excelled in stability more.

[0223]
Furthermore, there are also the following advantages.
[0224]
Informational recording density can be raised [ fourth ] by leaps and bounds.
[0225]
Now, the order of the density of the information which is recording the macromolecule is compared with a known record means.
[0226]
The magnetic tape of the 2,400 feet length on whom 200 million or more volumes are used in the world, and the company is recording the transaction log and the ledger can record the data of 180 MB = 180x106x8 bit, and is as the pillar of diameter 10.5 inch = 267 mm and thickness 0.5 inch = 13 mm, and mass 1.5 kg.
Abbreviation 109 bit/kg,
Abbreviation 1012 bit/m3.
[0227]
DVD can record the data of capacity 9.4 GB = 9.4x109x8 bit, and is as the pillar of diameter 120 mm and thickness 1.2 mm, and mass 80 g.
Abbreviation 1012 bit/kg (1000 times of = magnetic tape),
Abbreviation 1015 bit/m3 (1000 times of = magnetic tape).
[0228]
Bacteria are nucleic-acid amount-of-information 5x106x2 bit, and are diameters 0.5. As sphere [ of mum ], and mass 7x10-13 g
Abbreviation 1019 bit/kg (10 million times of =DVD = 10 billion times of a magnetic tape),
Abbreviation 1026 bit/m3 (100 billion times of =DVD = 100 trillion times of a magnetic tape).
[0229]
One side is few. The information which the nucleic acid of the bacteria put in the cube which is 1 mm grade includes is equal to the total amount (3x1017 bit) of the information on the 2,400 feet magnetic tape in the world.
[0230]
Thus, if it uses through a biopolymer, though a theoretical value does not come out, information record of still very high density is possible for actual equipment.
[0231]
In other words, 10 minutes are generous in density.
[0232]
therefore, a data error is prevented and information can be maintained for a long period of time -- as -- one copy of data -- the amplification technology of biotechnology, or a living thing's own multiplication function -- extensive -- increasing -- each -- "-- employing efficiently -- " -- it can also set
[0233]
For example, if a gene is included in DNA of a silkworm, the latest technology in which the protein this gene carries out [ protein ] a code is breathed out in large quantities in a cocoon can also be used.

[0234]
The fifth, Claim 5 If the encoding method boiled and indicated is adopted, data are recordable with high density.
[0235]
If the method of using 20 kinds of amino acid with the number of 20 進 especially is adopted, it is more advantageous than the method using 16 sorts of amino acid in respect of a storing efficiency.

[0236]
When a living thing is [ sixth ] useful in a natural environment, the point that the work for passing a medium to an addressee also becomes unnecessary is advantageous.

[0237]
However, if in charge of a practicing of the present invention, it lays on heart that it is necessary to fully examine the problem of a safe side and an ethics side, and prudence needs to desire it also upwards carefully according to the mode as a special mention matter.

[ Figure Easy explanation] of a field
[ Fig. 1 ]
The composition block of an embodiment 1 Figure It comes out.
[ Fig. 2 ]
The composition block of an embodiment 2 Figure It comes out.
[ Fig. 3 ]
Explanation which showed the example 1 of processing of an encoder and a decoder Figure It comes out.
[ Fig. 4 ]
Explanation which showed the example 2 of processing of an encoder and a decoder Figure It comes out.
[Description of Notations]
1 Transmitting Person Side Subsystem
1a Writing side subsystem
2 Addressee Side Subsystem
2a Read-out side subsystem
3 Transmit Data Input Part
3a Data input part
4 Data to Transmit
4a Data to write in
5 Encoder
6 Array Information or Joint Format Information
7 Synthetic Equipment
8 Material of Biopolymer
9 Synthetic Macromolecule
10 Living Thing, Cell, or Biopolymer
11 Array Reading Equipment
12 Decoded Array/Joint Format Information
13 Decoder
14 Received Data
14a Read-out data
15 Received-Data Output Part
15a Data output part
[Document Name] Figure Field
[ Fig. 1 ]

[ Fig. 2 ]

[ Fig. 3 ]

[ Fig. 4 ]

[Document Name] Abstract
[Abstract]
[Subject] Three items of problem of the instability of a specification in the known information communication method and the information record method, degradation of a medium, and the danger of interception is solved, and the overly high density record medium which is not in the former is realized.
[Means for Solution] A biopolymer is adopted as a communication medium or a record medium.
It inputted. Data 4 to transmit Or "data to write in", Encoder 5 Array information or joint format information 6 It is alike and changes. Synthetic equipment 7 Material 8 of a biopolymer 用いて The synthetic macromolecule 9 It produces.
Array reading equipment 11 , 該 The synthetic macromolecule 9 Shell Decoded array/joint format information 12 It outputs. Decoder 13 Received data 14 Or it restores to "read-out data" and outputs to them.
[selection Figure ] Fig. 1
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